2011下半年英语四级翻译考试模拟试题

日期:2009-10-15 10:20:35    阅读:9417

2011下半年英语四级翻译考试模拟试题1

1.(这个计划成功的关键) ___________is good planning.

2. The specific use of leisure______(每一人都不同)

3. The ship ‘ s generator broke down and the pumps____________________( 不得不用手工操作 ) instead of mechanically.

4. Although punctual himself, the professor was quite used______________( 习惯了学生迟到 ) his lecture.

5. I prefer to communicate with my customers ______( 通过写电子邮件而不是打电话)

6. After the terrorist attack, tourists ______ ( 被劝告暂时不要去该国旅游)

7.( 他把自己奉献于社区工作 ) ______ and is passionate about what he is doing.

8. Man should not exploit the natural resources ______ ( 以牺牲其他物种为代价 )。

9. When Sandy recovered from cancer, her doctor ______ ( 把此归因于她对未来的信念 )。

10. At the end of his speech, the school master encouraged the children to work hard ______ ( 不要让父母失望 )。

11. In the budget for this building, they failed to __( 考虑价格增长的因素 )。

12. Only after I slapped him on the back ____( 他才发现我并高兴得叫起来 )。

13. I didn ’ t even speak to him, ____( 更不用说与他讨论事情 )。

14. Some young people would rather try hard themselves to go through life than _____( 求助于他们的父母 ) with a sense of guilt.

15. The victim _____( 本来有机会活下来 ) if he had been taken to hospital in time 。

答案详解:

1. The key to the success of this project

「超级单词」key除作名词“钥匙”外,后接介词to,表示“……的钥匙,……的答案,……的关键”。

2. from individual to individual.

「超级短语」不及物动词vary 的用法。搭配为:vary …… from …… to 各不相同。

3. had to be operated manually

「超级短语」have to通常指由于客观原因则不得不做某事,意思为“不得不”。 其否定形式意思是“不一定”或“没有必要”。

4. to students‘ being late for

「超级句型」be used to+doing/noun,表示过去习惯于做某事。used to+do,表示过去有规律的习惯性动作或状态,而现在已不存在了。

「超级短语」be late for,迟到。

「超级句型」one’s doing,非谓语动词的复合结构。

5. via E-mail instead of telephone

「超级短语」Instead of 的意思是“代替……”、“而不……”,后面常跟名词、代词和动名词,偶尔也跟复合结构。

6. were advised not to travel to that country at the moment

「超级单词」advise 一般用法: advise sb. to do; advise doing

特殊注意: 后面的宾语从句要用虚拟语气。即:advise that sb. (should) do的形式。

7. he devoted himself to the community

「超级短语」be devoted to 有两个含义:A.专心致志于,献身于;B.热爱,很喜欢。作为动词的devote常用下列成语类的搭配:devote oneself/one‘s life to sth/doing sth.

8. at the cost of sacrificing/loss of other species

「超级短语」at the cost of(以……为代价),其含义和用法与at the expense of相同。另at all costs意为“不惜一切代价”。

9. attributed it to her firm belief in the future

「超级短语」“attribute……to”,“把……归因于……”是大学英语四级考查率极高的一个语言点。

10. and not to let their parents down

「超级短语」let……down(使……失望),形容词表示失望有disappointed.

11. consider/take into account the factor of increasing price.

「超级单词」Take…… into account=take…… into consideration 把……考虑在内

12. did he notice me and shouted with happiness

「超级句型」这是only引起的半倒装句,only+强调内容+助动词+主语+谓语+其它

13. let alone discuss with him

「超级短语」let alone用作连词,译为“更不用说了”

14. turn to their parents

「超级短语」turn to sb. for help 求助于别人

15. would have survived

「超级句型」在虚拟条件句中,如果表示与过去事实相反的情况,从句用过去完成时,而主句中则用“情态动词+现在完成时”,即would/ could/ should/ might have done

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