400-080-1181
010-51652333

内科英文词汇 chest pain [tFest pein] 胸痛 vaditing pain [ pein] 放射痛 edema [i5di:m[] 水肿 dyspnea [] 呼吸困难 cyanosis [sai[5n[usis] 紫绀 palpitation [pAlpi5teiF([)n] 心悸 syncope [5sink[pi] 晕厥 hypertension [7haip

当前位置:翻译公司 > 翻译知识 > 医学翻译之临床医学翻译(一)内科英文词汇

医学翻译之临床医学翻译(一)内科英文词汇

发布时间: 2009-10-15 10:20:35 浏览次数: 3805

    天译翻译公司是国内一家大型的专业翻译公司,在多种领域均有着丰富的翻译经验。立足北京并致力于在上海、大连、广州、等地提供翻译服务。公司整合了各地的资源,并在北京、上海、广州等地建立了翻译公司分部,以依托外资开发当地的翻译市场。天译翻译公司的翻译人员都有着优秀的翻译水平,公司的所有翻译均有着深厚的行业背景和翻译经验,对所翻译的行业有着深刻的理解,从而能够确保翻译项目的质量。公司致力于为每位客户提供专业快速的翻译服务,并成为沟通世界与中国的桥梁。

内科英文词汇

chest pain [tFest pein] 胸痛
vaditing pain [ pein] 放射痛
edema [i5di:m[] 水肿
dyspnea [] 呼吸困难
cyanosis [sai[5n[usis] 紫绀
palpitation [pAlpi5teiF([)n] 心悸
syncope [5sink[pi] 晕厥
hypertension [7haip[5tenF[n] 高血压
coronary heart disease [5kRr[n[riikR:r[neri ha:t di5zi:z] 冠心病
heart failure [ha:t 5feilj[(r)] 心力衰竭
essontial hypereension [ ] 原发性高血压
secondary hypereension [5sek[nd[ri (5sek[nderi) ] 继发性高血压
hypertensiue crisis [ 5kraisis] 高血压危象
malignant hypereesion [m[5lign[nt ] 恶性高血压
bordline hypertension [ 7haip[5tenF[n] 临界高血压
hypertensiue emergency [ i5m\:dV[nsi] 高血压急症
isolatal systolic hypertension [ si5stRlik 7haip[5tenF[n] 纯收缩期高血压ambulatory blood pressure monitoring [5Ambjul[t[ri blQd 5preF[(r) 5mRnit[ri] 动态血压监测
lefe ventricular hypertrophy [left ven5trikjul[(r) hai5p\:tr[fi] 左心室肥厚
insulin nesistance [5insjulin (5ins[lin) ] 胰岛素抵抗
diruetics [] 利尿剂
calcium channel blocker [5kAlsi[m 5tFAn[l blRk] 钙拮抗剂
angiotensin converse enzyme inhibiter [7AndVi[u5tensin 5kRnv\:s 5enzaim in5hibit] 血管紧张素转化酶抑制剂
renin [5ri:nin] 肾素
endothelin [] 内皮素
body mass index [5bRdi mAs (ma:s) 5indeks] 体重指数
pheochromocytoma [7fi:[u5kr[um[usai5t[um[] 嗜铬细胞瘤
hyperaldosteronism [7haip[rAl5dRst[r[uniz[m] 原发性醛固酮增多症
non-dipper blood pressure [nuN 5dip[(r) blQd 5preF[(r)] 非芍型血压
heart murmurs [ha:t 5m\:m[(r)] 心脏杂音
holosytolic muarmurs [] 全收缩期杂音
ejectin sounds [ saund] 喷射音
systolic click [si5stRlik klik] 收缩期咯喇音
cardiac dilatation [5ka:diAk 7dail[5teiF[n] 心脏扩大
atrial fibrillation [ 7faibri5leiF[n] 心房颤动
apicl inpulse [] 心尖搏动
heart sound [ha:t saund] 心音
pericarclial effunion [ ] 心包积液
mitral stenosis [5maitr[l ] 二尖瓣狭窄
dricuspid regurgitation [ ri7g\:dVi5teiF[n] 三尖瓣反流
aortic insufficiency [ 7ins[5fiF[nsi] 主动脉瓣关闭不全
s3 s4 gallop rhythm [5gAl[p riT[m (5riW[m)] 第三心音第四心音奔马率
pulmonary hypertension [5pQlm[n[ri 7haip[5tenF[n] 肺动脉高压
opening snap [5[up[niN snAp] 开办音
pericardial friction rubs [7peri5ka:di[l 5frikF([)n rQb] 心包摩擦音
fired splitting of s2 [5fail[(r) 5splitiN] 第二心音固定分裂
left bundle branch block [left 5bQnd([)l bra:ntF blRk] 左速支阻滞
atrioventrivular block [ blRk] 房室阻滞
sinoatrial block [7sain[u5eitri[l blRk] 窦房阻滞
left anterier hemoblock [left ] 左前分支阻滞
compete [k[m5pi:t] 完全性
incomplete [ink[m5plit] 不完全性
preexcitation [] 预激
accessory pathway [[k5ses[ri pa:Wwei] 旁路
dual pathway [5dju:[l pa:Wwei] 双径路
reciprocating [ri5sipr[keitiN] 抑反性
w-p-w syndrome [5sindr[um] w-p-w 综合征
orthodromic [7R:W[u5drRmik] 顺向性
antedromic [] 逆向性
intermittent [int[5mit[nt] 间歇性
electrophysiologic study [ 5stQdi] 电生理检查
pacemaker [5peismeik[(r)] 起搏器
programed electrical stimulation [5pr[ugrAm (5pr[ugr[m) i5lektrik([)l ] (pes)程序电刺激
radiofreqency [] 射频
catheter [5kAWit[(r)] 导管
ablation [Ab5leiF[n] 消融
atrial [] 房性
ventricular [ven5trikjul[(r)] 室性
junctional [] 交界区(结性)
premature beat [5prem[tFu[(r) bi:t] 过早搏动
fibrillation [7faibri5leiF[n] 颤动
flutter [5flQt[(r)] 扑动
paroxysmal [7pAr[k5sizm[l] 阵发性
supraventricular [] 室上性
non-parexysmal [] 非阵发性
asystole [] 窦性停搏
tachycardia [7tAki5ka:di[] 心动过速
bradycardioa [] 心动过缓
accelerated [[k5sel[reitid] 加速性
arrhythmia [[5riTmi[] 心率不齐
sick sinus syndrome [sik 5sain[s 5sindr[um] 病态窦房结综合
sinoatrial nodal recovery time (snrt) [7sain[u5eitri[l n[ud[l ri5kQv[ri taim] 窦房结恢复时间
sinoatrial conduction time (sact) [7sain[u5eitri[l k[n5dQkF([)n taim] 窦房传导时间
brady-tachy syndrome [ 5sindr[um] 慢快综合征
pacemaker [5peismeik[(r)] 起搏器
defibllation [] 除颤
electrocardiogram [ilektr[u5ka:di[ugrAm] 心电图
lead [li:d] 导联
depolarization [] 除极
repolarization [] 复极
p r interval [5int[v([)l] pr 间期
qrs complex [5kRmpleks (k[mp5leks)] qrs 波群
vnipolar [] 单极
bipolar [bai5p[ul[(r)] 双极
augmented [R:5gmentid] 加压
sinus [5sain[s] 窦性
sinoatrial node [7sain[u5eitri[l n[ud] 窦房结
atrioventricular node [7eitri[uven5trikjul[(r) n[ud] 房室结
bundle branch [5bQnd([)l bra:ntF] 束支
fascicular [f[5sikjul[(r)] 分支
his bundle [his 5bQnd([)l] 希氏束
conduction [k[n5dQkF([)n] 传导
automaticity [R:5tRm[5tis[ti] 自律性
refractory period [ri5frAkt[ri 5pi[ri[d] 不应期
hypertrophy [hai5p\:tr[fi] 肥厚
ambulatory [5Ambjul[t[ri] 动态
idiopathic [] 特发性
block [blRk] 阻滞
cardioversion [7ka:di[u5v\:F[n] 电转复
defibrillation [di7faibri5leiF[n] 除颤
reentry [ri:5entri] 折反
trigger [5trig[(r)] 触发
focal [5f[uk([)l] 局灶性
ischemia [] 缺血
injury [5indV[ri] 损伤
infarction [in5fa:kF[n] 梗塞
elevation [eli5veiF([)n] 抬高
acute myocardial infarction (ami) [[5kju:t in5fa:kF[n]
急性心肌梗塞
hypokalemia [] 低钾血症
hyperkalemia [] 高钾血症
digitalis effect [didVi5teilis i5fekt] 洋地黄效应
pericardiac effusion [i5fju:V([)n] 心包积液
cardiomyopathy [7ka:di[umai5Rp[Wi] 心肌病
angina pectoris [An5dVain[ 5pekt[ris] 心绞痛
variant [5ve[ri[nt] 变异型
inferior [in5fi[ri[(r)] 下壁
anterior [5Anti[ri[(r)] 前壁
septal [5sept[l] 间隔
lateral [5lAt[r([)l] 侧壁
treadmill test [5tredmil test] 活动平板运动试验
precordial [pri:5kR:dj[l] 胸前
posterior [p[5sti[ri[(r)] 后壁
unstable [Qn5steib([)l] 不稳定
diagnosis [dai[g5n[usis] 诊断
symptom [5simpt[m] 症状
sign [sain] 体征
physical examination [ 7igzAmi5neiF([)n] 体格检查
inspection [in5spekF([)n] 视诊
palbation [] 触诊
percussion [p[5kQF([)n] 叩诊
auscultation [R:skul5teiF([)n] 听诊
stethoscope [5steW[sk[up] 听诊器
cyanosis [sai[5n[usis] 紫绀
vital sign [5vait([)l sain] 生命征
pallor [5pAl[(r)] 苍白
edema [i5di:m[] 水肿
virchow [] 淋巴结
shin eruption [Fin i5rQpF([)n] 皮疹
spider angioma [5spaid[(r) 7AndVi5[um[] 蜘蛛痣
stained yellow [stein 5jel[u] 黄染
orthopnea [] 端坐呼吸
physical diagnosis [5fizik([)l dai[g5n[usis] 检体诊断
scar [ska:(r)] 瘢痕
heart failure [ha:t 5feilj[(r)] 心力衰竭
congestive heart failure [k[n5dVestiv ha:t 5feilj[(r)] 充血性心力衰竭
caroliac dys function [ 5fQNkF([)n] 心功能不全
pcwp 肺毛细血管楔嵌压
furosemide [fju[5r[usimaid] 速尿
digoxin [didV5Rksin] 地高辛
spironolactone [7spai[r[n[u5lAkt[un] 螺内
soclium nitroprusside [ ] 硝普钠
acei 血管紧张素转换酶抑制剂
enalapril 依那普利
sns 交感神经系统
ras 肾素-血管紧张素系统
remodeling [ri:5mRd([)liN] 重物
co (cardiac output) [5ka:diAk 5[utput] 心输出量
ci (cardiac index) [5ka:diAk 5indeks] 心脏指数
lanatoside c [] 毛花
hydrochlorothiazide [haidr[u7klR:r[5Wai[zaid] 氢氯噻嗪
bumetahide [] 布美他尼
captopril [] 卡托普利
dobutamine [] 多巴酰丁胺
fraham steel murmur graham steel [ sti:l 5m\:m[(r) grei[m]
(相对性肺动脉瓣关闭不全)杂音
aortic regurgitotion [ ] 主动脉反流
summation fallop sound [sQ5meiF([)n saund]
融合性(s3 s4)奔马音
mitrae valve prolapse [ vAlv pr[u5lAps] 二尖瓣脱垂
tricuspid stenosis [trai5kQspid ] 三尖瓣狭窄
pericardial friction rub [7peri5ka:di[l 5frikF([)n rQb] 心包摩杂音
left to right shunt [left tu (tu:) rait FQnt] 左向右分流
continuous murmurs of patent ductus arteriosus [k[n5tinju[s 5m\:m[(r) 5peit([)nt (5pAtnt) ] 主动脉导管未闭连续性杂音
diastotic rumbling murmur [ 5rQmb([)liN 5m\:m[(r)]
舒张期隆隆样杂音
tumer plop (la myxoma) [tQm plRp (mikis[um[)] 左房粘液瘤肿瘤扑落音
coronary artery bypass surgery [5kRr[n[ri (5kR:r[neri) 5a:teri 5baipa:s (5baipAs) 5s\:dV[ri] 冠状动脉旁路手术(搭桥)
angina pectoris [An5dVain[ 5pekt[ris] 心绞痛
levines sign [ sain] (levine 氏征)
unstable augina pectoris [Qn5steib([)l 5pekt[ris] 不稳定心绞痛
prinz metals variant augina [ 5met([)l 5ve[ri[nt ]
(prinzmet 变异型心绞痛)
silent myocardial ischemia [5sail[nt ] 隐匿性心肌缺血
exercise tolerance test [5eks[saiz 5tRl[r[ns test] 运动耐受实验
thallium-201 perfusion scintigraphy [WAli[m per5fju:V[n sin5tigr[fi] 铊-201心肌灌注显像
cardiac catheterization and coronary angiography [5ka:diAk 5kRr[n[ri (5kR:r[neri) 7AndVi5Rgr[fi] 心导管检查与冠脉造影
nitroglycerin [7naitr[u5glis[rin] 硝酸甘油
cardiac auscultation [5ka:diAk R:skul5teiF([)n] 心脏听诊
heart sounds and murmurs [ha:t saund 5m\:m[(r)] 心音与心脏杂音
general appearance [5dVen[r([)l [5pi[r[ns] 一般状态
cardiac impulse and precordial motion [5ka:diAk 5impQls pri:5kR:dj[l 5m[uF([)n] 心尖搏动与心前区搏动
splitting of s2 (wide ,fixed) [5splitiN (waid fikst)]
第二心音 分裂(固定性宽分裂)
mifrae opening snap [ 5[up[niN snAp] 二尖瓣开办音
systolic ejection sound [si5stRlik i5dVekF[n saund] 收缩期喷射音
midsystolic click [ klik] 收缩期中期喀喇音
holosystolic murmur [ 5m\:m[(r)] 全收缩期杂音
austin fliut murmur austin fint [5Rstin 5m\:m[(r) ]
相对性二尖瓣狭窄杂音
acute myocardial infarvtion [[5kju:t ] 急性心肌梗塞
well-disigned clinical trial [wel 5klinik([)l 5trai[l]
设计良好的临床实验
left ventricular aneurysm [left ven5trikjul[(r) 5Anjuriz([)m] 左室室壁瘤
myocardial reperfusion injury [ 5indV[ri]
心肌再灌注损伤
transesophageae echocardiography [ ek[u7ka:di5Rgr[fi]
经食道超生检查
magnetric resonance imaging [ 5rez[n[ns ] 核磁共振成像
percutaneous trans luminal c orounary angioplasty [7p\:kju:5teini[s 5lju:min[l ] 经皮腔内冠状动脉成型术
killip classification of acute myocardial infarction [ klAsifi5keiF([)n [5kju:t in5fa:kF[n] 急性心肌梗塞killip 心功能(预后)分级
forrester hemodynamic classification of ami [ 7hi:m[udai5nAmik klAsifi5keiF([)n a:5mi:] 急性心肌梗塞血流动力学后
rrester [] 分型
pump failure and cardiogenic shock [5pQmp 5feilj[(r) 7ka:di[u5dVenik FRk]
papillary muscle dysfunction [p[5pil[ri 5mQs([)l dis5fQnkF([)n]
乳头肌功能不全
graham steel murmur [grei[m sti:l 5m\:m[(r)]
(相对性肺动脉瓣关闭不全)杂音
aortioc regurgitation [ ri7g\:dVi5teiF[n] 主动脉反流
summation gallop sound [sQ5meiF([)n 5gAl[p saund] 融合性(s3 s4)奔马音
mitral valve prolapse [5maitr[l vAlv pr[u5lAps] 二尖瓣脱垂
tricuspid stenosis [trai5kQspid ] 三尖瓣狭窄
pericardial friction rub [7peri5ka:di[l 5frikF([)n rQb] 心包摩擦音
continuous murmurs of patent ductus arterios [k[n5tinju[s 5m\:m[(r) 5peit([)nt (5pAtnt) ] 主动脉导管未闭连续性杂音
left to right shunt [left rait FQnt] 左向右反流
tumor plop (la myxoma) [5tju:m[(r) plRp (mik5s[um[)]
左房粘液瘤肿瘤扑落音
diastolic rumbling murmur [ 5rQmb([)liN 5m\:m[(r)]
舒张期隆隆样杂音
joint [5dVRint] 关节
stiffness [5stifnis] 强直
swelling [5sweliN] 肿胀
pain [pein] 疼痛
deformity [di5fR:miti] 畸形
tenderness [] 触痛
edema [i5di:m[] 水肿
remitting [5ri:mitiN] 缓解
antinuclear antibody [7Anti5nju:kli[(r) 5AntibRdi] 抗核抗体
rheumatoid factor [5ru:m[tRid 5fAkt[(r)] 类风湿因子
erosion [i5r[uV([)n] 侵蚀
osteoporosis [Rsti[up[5r[usis] 骨质疏松
immunosupprosive [] 免疫抑制
methotrexate [7meW[5trekseit] 氨甲喋呤
slowa acting drug [ 5AktiN drQg] 慢性用药
disease modifying anti-rheu-matic drugs [di5zi:z 5mRdifai 5Anti mAt drQg] (dmards)缓解病情的抗风湿药物
rheumatic disease [ di5zi:z] 风湿性疾病
rheumatology [7ru:m[5tRl[dVi] 风湿病学
rheumatoid arthritis [ a:5Wraitis] 类风湿性关节炎
systemic lupus erythematosus [sis5teimik 5lu:p[s ]
系统性红斑狼疮
ankylosing spondylitis [5ANkil[usiN 7spRndi5laitis] 强直性脊柱炎
vasculitis [7vAskju5laitis] 血友病
behcet disease [ di5zi:z] 白塞氏病
reiter syndrom [ 5sindr[um] 瑞特综合征
sjogren syndrom [ 5sindr[um] 干燥综合征
osteoarthritis [Rsti[ua:5Wraitis] 骨性关节炎
polyarteritis nodosa [5pRli7a:t[5raitis ] 结节性多动脉炎
churg-strauss syndrom [ 5sindr[um] 变应性肉芽肿血管炎
giant cell arteritis [5dVai[nt 7a:t[5raitis] 巨细胞动脉炎
temporal arteritis [5temp[r([)l 7a:t[5raitis] 聂动脉炎
kashin-beck disease [ di5zi:z] 大骨节病
systemic sclerosis [sis5teimik skli[5r[usis] 系统性硬化病
extractable nuclear antigen [ik5strAkt[bl 5nju:kli[(r) 5AntidV([)n]
circulating immunocomplex [ ]
循环免疫复合物
malar rash [5meil[(r) rAF] 蝶形红斑
discoid rash [5diskRid rAF] 盘状红斑
oral ulcers [5R:r[l 5Qls[(r)] 口腔溃疡
raynaud’s phenomenon [ fi5nRmin[n]
periarthritis []
antiphospholipid [] 抗磷脂抗体综合征
doible-stranded dna [ strAnd ] 双链dna
pleuritis [plu[5raitis] 浆膜炎
lupus nephritis [5lu:p[s ni5fraitis] 狼疮肾炎
methylprednisolone [7meWilpred5nis[l[un] 甲醛强的松龙
cyclophosphamiole [] 环磷酰胺
azathioprine [7Az[5Wai[pri:n] 硫唑嘌呤
immunosuppressive therapy [7imjun[us[5presiv 5Wer[pi] 免疫抑制治疗
vasculitis [7vAskju5laitis] 血管炎
immune tolerance [i5mju:n 5tRl[r[ns] 免疫耐受性
daagnostic criteria [ ] 诊断标准
mixed connectine tissne disease [mikst di5zi:z] 混合结缔组织病
ouerlap syndrom [ 5sindr[um] 重叠综合征
anthritis /arthralgia [ / a:5WrAldV[] 关节炎/关节痛
nephrology [ni5frRl[dVi] 肾科学
hemodialysis [7hi:m[udai5Alisis] 血液透析
peritoneal dialysis [ dai5lisis] 腹膜透析
plasma filtrtion [5plAzm[ ] 血浆过滤
hyperperfusion [] 过度灌注
hemofiltration ultriltrate []
urea transmembrane lupus [5ju[ri[ 7trAns5membrein 5lu:p[s]
hypertension [7haip[5tenF[n] 高血压
angiotensin [7AndVi[u5tensin] 血管紧张素
renin [5ri:nin] 肾素
plasma [5plAzm[] 血浆
plasminogen [plAz5min[dV[n] 纤维蛋白溶酶原
platelet [] 血小板
isolation [ais[5leiF([)n] 分离,离析,隔离
pumfication [] 提纯
chromatography [7kr[m[5tRgr[fi] 色谱法
electrophoresis [i7lektr[f[5ri:sis] 电泳
*chronic renal failure [5krRnik 5ri:n([)l 5feilj[(r)] 慢性肾功能不全
uremia [ju[5ri:mi[] 尿毒症
azotemia [7Az[5ti:mi[] 氮质血症
creatinine clearance rate ccr [kri:5Atini:n 5kli[r[ns reit] 肌酐清除率
glomerular filtration gfr [ fil5treiF[n] 肾小球滤过率
hemodialysis hd [7hi:m[udai5Alisis] 血液透析
peritoneal dialysis pd [ dai5lisis] 腹膜透析
furosemide [fju[5r[usimaid] 速尿
erythropoietin [i7riWr[u5pRi[tin] 促红素
metabolic acidosis [7met[5bRlik 7Asi5d[usis] 代谢性酸中毒
hyperkalemia [] 高钾血症
hypocalcemia [] 低钙血症
continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis capd [k[n5tinju[s 5Ambjul[t[ri dai5lisis ] 持续性非卧床腹透
hemofiltration [] 血滤
plasma exchange [5plAzm[ iks5tFeindV] 血浆置换
blood purification [blQd 7pju[rifi5keiF[n] 血液净化
renal transplantation [5ri:n([)l 7trAnspla:n5teiF[n] 肾移植
calcitriol (rocaltrol) [] 骨化三醇
bumetanide [] 布美他尼
acute glomerulonephritis [[5kju:t glR7merjul[uni5fraitis] 急性肾小球肾炎
rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis [5rApidli pr[5gresiv glR7merjul[uni5fraitis] 急进性肾小球肾炎
chronic glomerulonephritis [5krRnik glR7merjul[uni5fraitis] 慢性肾小球肾炎
latent glomerulonephritis [5leit[nt glR7merjul[uni5fraitis] 隐匿性肾小球肾炎
hephrotic syndrome [ 5sindr[um] 肾病综合症
minimal change disease [5minim([)l tFeindV di5zi:z] 微小病变
focal segmental lesions [5f[uk([)l seg5ment[l 5li:V([)n] 局灶节段性病变
cresentic glomeerulonephritis [ glR7merjul[uni5fraitis]
新月体
membranous nephropathy [5membr[n[s ni5frRp[Wi] 膜性肾病
proliferative glomernlorephritis [ glR7merjul[uni5fraitis]
增生性上眼肾炎
mesangialproliferative glomerulonephritis [ glR7merjul[uni5fraitis]
系膜增生性肾小球肾炎
endocapillary proliferative glomerulonephritis [ glR7merjul[uni5fraitis] 毛细血管内增生性肾小球肾炎
mesangiocapillary glomerulonephritis [ glR7merjul[uni5fraitis]
系膜毛细血管性肾小球肾炎
dense eeposit glomerulonephritis [dens glR7merjul[uni5fraitis]
致密沉淀物性肾小球肾炎
goodpastures syndrome [ 5sindr[um] 肺出血-肾炎综合症
gouty nephropathy [g[uti ni5frRp[Wi] 痛风肾病
lupus nephritis [5lu:p[s ni5fraitis] 狼疮肾炎
gross hematuris (macroscopic hematuria) [gr[us (mAkr[u5skRpik 7hi:m[5tju[ri[] 肉眼血尿
glomerulotubular imbalance [ im5bAl[ns] 球管失衡
glomerular capsular space (bowmans space) [ 5kApsjul[(r) speis]
肾小球囊腔
glomerular basement membrane (gbm) [ 5beism[nt 5membrein]
肾小球基底膜
foot process fusion [fut 5pr[uses (5prRses) 5fju:V([)n] 足突融合
microscopic hematuria [maikr[5skRpik 7hi:m[5tju[ri[] 镜下血尿
renal amyloidosis [5ri:n([)l 7AmilRi5d[usis] 肾淀粉样变
henoch-schonlein purpura nephritis (hspn) [ 5p\:pju[r[]
过敏性紫癜性肾炎
diabetil nephropathy [ ni5frRp[Wi] 糖尿病肾病
renal interstitium [5ri:n([)l ] 肾间质
renal biopsy [5ri:n([)l 5baiRpsi] 肾活检
myeloma kidney [7mai[5l[um[ 5kidni] 骨髓病肾病
hyperlipidemia [haip[7lipi5di:mi[] 高质血症
secondary glomernlar disease [5sek[nd[ri di5zi:z]
继发性肾小球疾病
plasma exchange(plasmapheresis) [5plAzm[ iks5tFeindV (7plAzm[5fer[sis)] 血浆置换
acute pyelonephritis [[5kju:t 7pai[l[une5fraitis] 急性肾盂肾炎
thin base ment memtrane syndrome [Win beis 5sindr[um]
薄基底膜综合征
eqistaxis [] 鼻衄
ear drum [i[(r) drQm] 鼓膜
eyelids [5ailid] 眼睑
conjunctiva [k[n5dVQNktaiv[] 结膜
audation [] 听力
parotid gland [pe5rRtid glAnd] 腮腺
mastoid [5mAstRid] 乳突
convergencereflex [] 幅奏反射
auricle [5R:rik([)l] 耳廓
accommodationreflex [] 调节反射
inquiry [in5kwai[ri] 问诊
general data [5dVen[r([)l 5deit[] 一般项目
chief comp jaint [tFi:f kRmp ] 主诉
history of present illness [5hist[ri 5prez([)nt 5ilnis] 现病史
systems review [5sist[m ri5vju:] 系统回顾
physical examination [ igzAmi5neiF([)n] 体格检查
diagnosis [dai[g5n[usis] 诊断
personal history [5p\:s[n([)l 5hist[ri] 个人史
marrital history [ 5hist[ri] 婚姻史
childbearing history [5tFaildbe[riN 5hist[ri] 生育史
suprasternal notch [ nRtF] 胸骨上切迹
sternal angle [ 5ANg([)l] 胸骨角
intercostal space [7int[5kRst[l speis] 肋间隙
chest wall [tFest wR:l] 胸壁
barrel chest [5bAr([)l tFest] 桶状胸
thoracic expansion [WR:5rAsik ik5spAnF([)n] 胸廓扩张度
vocal fremitus [5vAuk([)l 5fremit[s] 语音震颤
pleural friction fremitus [ 5frikF([)n 5fremit[s] 胸膜摩擦感
mediate percussion [5mi:dieit p[5kQF([)n] 间接叩诊
immediate percussion [i5mi:di[t p[5kQF([)n] 直接叩诊
scapular line [5skApjul[(r) lain] 肩胛线
suprasternal fossa [ 5fRs[] 胸骨上窝
axillary fossa [Ak5sil[ri 5fRs[] 腋窝
midaxillary line [ lain] 腋中线
posterior axillary line [p[5sti[ri[(r) Ak5sil[ri lain] 腋后线
anterior axillary line [5Anti[ri[(r) Ak5sil[ri lain] 腋前线
anterior midlene [5Anti[ri[(r) ] 前正中线
rib [rib] 肋骨
scapula [5skApjul[] 肩胛骨
costalspinal angle [ 5ANg([)l] 肋脊角
infrasternal [] 胸骨下角
vocal resonance [5v[uk([)l 5rez[n[ns] 语音共振
whispered [5wisp[(r)] 耳语音
pleural friction rub [ 5frikF([)n rQb] 胸膜摩擦音
lobar pneumonia [5l[ub[(r) nju:5m[uni[] 大叶肺炎
chronic bronchitis [5krRnik brRN5kaitis] 慢性支气管炎
chronic obstructive emphysema [5krRnik [b5strQktiv emfi5si:m[]
慢性阻塞性肺气肿
bronchial asthma [5brRNki[l 5Asm[ (5Azm[)] 支气管哮喘
pleural effusion [ i5fju:V([)n] 胸腔积液
pneumothorax [7nju:m[u5WR:rAks] 气胸
wheezing [wi:ziN (hwi:ziN)] 哮鸣音
damoiseau [] 线
garland (grocco) [5ga:l[nd ( )] 三角
coin sign [kRin sain] 硬币叩击征
sibilant rhonchi [5sibil[nt ] 高调干罗音
sonorous rhonchi [s[5nR:r[s (5sRn[r[s) ] 低调干罗音
bronchophony [] 支气管语音
fine rales [fain ] 细湿罗音
medium rales [5mi:di[m ] 中湿罗音
coarse rales [kR:s ] 粗湿罗音
resonance [5rez[n[ns] 清音
hyperresonance [] 过清音
tympany [] 鼓音
dullness [dQlni:s] 浊音
flatness [] 实音
kronig []
vesicular breath sound [vi5sikjul[(r) breW saund] 肺泡呼吸音
bronchial breath sound [5brRNki[l breW saund] 支气管呼吸音
bronchovesicular breath sound [ breW saund]
支气管肺泡呼吸音
tubular breath sound [5tju:bjul[(r) breW saund] 管样呼吸音
moist rale [mRist ] 湿罗音
crepitus [] 捻发音
bubble sound [5bQb([)l saund] 水泡音
crackles [5krAk([)l] 爆裂音
adventitious sound [Adven5tiF[s saund] 附加音
skoda [] 叩响
amphorophony [] 空瓮音
tactile fremitus [5tAktail 5fremit[s] 触觉震颤
flat chest [flAt tFest] 扁平胸
rachitic chest [r[5kitik tFest] 佝偻病胸
rachitic rosary [r[5kitik 5r[uz[ri] 佝偻病串珠
harrison groove [ gru:v] 肋膈沟
dyspnea [] 呼吸困难
cardiac asthima [5ka:diAk ] 心源性哮喘
kussmaul (cheyne-stokess)(biots) [] 呼吸
cough [kRf (kR:f)] 咳嗽
expectoration [ek7spekt[5reiF[n] 咳痰
hemoptysis [hi5mRptisis] 咯血
cyanosis [sai[5n[usis] 紫绀
three depressions sign [Wri: di5preF([)n sain] 三征
tachypnea [] 呼吸过速
bradypnea [] 呼吸过缓
subcutaneous emphysema [sQbkju:5teini[s emfi5si:m[] 皮下气肿
visceral pleura [ 5plu[r[] 脏层胸膜
parietal pleura [p[5rait([)l 5plu[r[] 壁层胸膜
interscapular region [7int[5skApjul[(r) 5ri:dV[n] 肩胛间区
infrascapular region [ 5ri:dV[n] 肩胛下区
supra scapular region [5su:pr[ 5skApjul[(r) 5ri:dV[n] 肩胛上区
supraclavicular fossa [ 5fRs[] 锁骨上窝
infraclavicular fossa [ 5fRs[] 锁骨下窝
blood gas analysis [blQd gAs [5nAl[sis] 血气分析
gas exchange [gAs iks5tFeindV] 气体交换
bixarbonate [] 碳酸氢盐
bases excess be [ 5ekses bi:] 碱剩余
total plasma co2 content [5t[ut([)l 5plAzm[ 5kRntent] 血浆co2含量
acid-base balance [Asi:d beis 5bAl[ns] 酸硷平衡
hypocapnia [] 低碳酸血症
hypercapnia [7haip[5kApni[] 高碳酸血症
narcosis [5na:l[usis] 麻醉
alveolar-capillary diffuse block [Al5vi[l[(r) k[5pil[ri di5fju:s blRk] 肺泡-毛细血管弥散障碍
ventilation-perfusion imbalance [7venti5leiF[n per5fju:V[n im5bAl[ns] 通气灌注失衡
partial perssure [5pa:F([)l ] 分压
oxygenation [] 氧合
oxyhemoglobin [] 氧合血红蛋白
hypoventilation [] 低通气
anoxia [A5nRksi[] 缺氧症
chronic bronchitis [5krRnik brRN5kaitis] 慢性支气管炎
chronic obstrucrive pulmonary disease [5krRnik di5zi:z]
慢性阻塞性肺疾病
pulmonary emphysema [5pQlm[n[ri 7emfi5si:m[] 肺气肿
cor pulmonale [kR:(r) ] 肺心病
chronic pulmonary heart disease [5krRnik 5pQlm[n[ri ha:t di5zi:z]
慢性肺源性心脏病
right ventricular failure [rait ven5trikjul[(r) 5feilj[(r)] 右心衰竭
aminophylline [[7mi:n[u5fili:n] 安茶硷
right ventricular hypertrphy [rait ven5trikjul[(r) ] 右心室肥厚
chronic tracheobrochitis [5krRnik ] 慢性气管支气管炎
acute upper reapiratory tract [[5kju:t 5Qp[(r) trAkt]
急性呼吸道感染
common cold [5kRm[n k[uld] 普通感冒
distended neck veins [di5stend nek ] 颈静脉扩张
hypoxia [hai5pRksi[] 低氧血症
pulmonary tuberculosis [ tju:b\:kju5l[usis] 肺结核
extra-phlmonary tuberculosis [5ekstr[ tju:b\:kju5l[usis] 肺外结核
miliary tuberculosis [5milj[ri tju:b\:kju5l[usis] 粟粒性结核
mycobarterium tubervulosis [ tju:b\:kju5l[usis] 结核分支杆菌
tuberculosis carity [tju:b\:kju5l[usis ] 结核性空洞
smear positive cases [5smi[(r) 5pRzitiv keis] 涂片阳性病人
smear hegative cases [5smi[(r) keis] 涂片阴性病人
tuberculin test [tju:5b\:kjulin test] 结核菌素实验
primary resistance [5praim[ri ri5zist[ns] 原发耐药
secondary (or acquirad) resistance [5sek[nd[ri (5sek[nderi) ([(r) ri5zist[ns] 继发耐药
sheptomycir [] 链霉素
immune system [i5mju:n 5sist[m] 免疫系统
spread [spred] 播散
multiply [5mQltiplai] 繁殖
tranimission [] 传播
chemolterapy [] 化疗
isolated toci [5ais[leitid ] 孤立病灶
tuberculous pleurasy [tju:5b\:kjul[s ] 结核性胸膜炎
tuberculoma [tju:7b\:kju5l[um[] 结核球
sputum examinatim [5spju:t[m ] 查痰
chest pain [tFest pein] 胸痛
fatigue [f[5ti:g] 疲乏
malaise [mA5leiz] 乏力
exposnre [] 暴露(接触)
susceptibe [] 敏感
collection specimen [k[5lekF([)n 5spesim[n] 收集标本
short of brealh [FR:t ] 气短
short-term chemolherapy [FR:t ] 短程化疗
regular treatment [5regjul[(r) 5tri:tm[nt] 规则治疗
irregnlar treatment [ 5tri:tm[nt] 不规则治疗
re-treatment regimen [ri: 5tri:tm[nt 5redVim[n] 复治方安
intensive treatment [in5tensiv 5tri:tm[nt] 强化治疗
maintaining treatment [mein5teiniN 5tri:tm[nt] 维持治疗
directhy obsecred treatment (dot) [ 5tri:tm[nt] 直视下治疗
bronchial asthma [5brRNki[l 5Asm[ (5Azm[)] 支气管哮喘
chronic inflammatory disorder of the aorway [5krRnik in5flAm[t[ri dis5R:d[(r) ] 气道慢性炎症
airway heperresponsiveness (ahr) [5e[wei ]
气道高反映性
corticosteroid [7kR:tik[u5ste[rRid] 类固醇
b2-agonist [5Ag[nist] b2 激动剂
theophylline [] 茶碱
eosinophols [] 嗜酸粒细胞
lymphocytes [5limf[usait] 淋巴细胞
acute exacerbation [[5kju:t ek7sAs[5beiF[n] 急性发作
allergen [5Al[dV[n] 过敏
breathlessness [5breWlisni:s] 气短
bronchial challenge test [5brRNki[l 5tFAlindV test] 支气管激发实验
bronchial choditor test [5brRNki[l test] 支气管扩张实验
diurnal variation of pef [dai5\:n([)l ve[ri5eiF([)n]
inhaled (inhalation) [in5heil (7inh[5leiF[n)] 吸入
metered dose inhaler [5mi:t[(r) d[us in5heil[(r)] 定量吸入
anticholinergics [Anti7k[uli5n\:dVik] 抗胆碱
sodium cromoglycate [5s[undi[m ] 色甘酸二钠
ventilatory support [ s[5pR:t] 通气支持
lung function tests [lQN 5fQNkF([)n test] 肺功能实验
lung volume [lQN 5vRlju:m] 肺容量
vital capacity [ k[5pAsiti] 肺活量
forced vital capacity [fR:st k[5pAsiti] 用力肺活量
forced expiratory volume in one second fev1 [fR:st ik5spai[r[t[ri 5vRlju:m 5sek[nd ] 第一秒用力呼气量
minute ventilation [5minit 7venti5leiF[n] 分钟通气量
alveolar ventilation [Al5vi[l[(r) 7venti5leiF[n] 肺泡通气量
maximal voluntory ventilation [5mAksim([)l 7venti5leiF[n]
最大通气量
ventilation/perfusion ratio [7venti5leiF[n / per5fju:V[n 5reiF[u]
通气/灌注比值
diffusing capacity [di5fju:siN k[5pAsiti] 弥散量
tidal volume [5taid([)l 5vRlju:m] 潮气量
residual volume [ri5zidju[l 5vRlju:m] 残气量
functional residual capacity [5fQNkF[n([)l ri5zidju[l k[5pAsiti]
功能残气量
total lung capacity [5t[ut([)l lQN k[5pAsiti] 肺总量
dead space [ded speis] 死腔
obstryctive [] 阻塞性的
macimal mideexpiratory flow [ fl[u]
最大中期呼气流速
peak expiratory flow rate [pi:k ik5spai[r[t[ri fl[u reit] 呼气峰流率
the ratio of fev1 to fvc fev1/fvc [5reiFi[u ]
limitative [5limiteitiv] 限制性的
thermotaxic center [ 5sent[(r)] 体温调节中枢
exogenous pyrogen [ek5sRdV[n[s 5pai[r[udVin] 外源性致热源
pyrogen [5pai[r[udVin] 致热源
endogenous pyrogen [en5dRdVin[s 5pai[r[udVin] 内源性致热源
setpoint [] 调定点
infective fever [in5fektiv 5fi:v[(r)] 感染性发热
centris fever [ 5fi:v[(r)] 中枢性发热
continus fever [ 5fi:v[(r)] 稽留热
remittent fever [ri5mit([)nt 5fi:v[(r)] 弛张热
intermittent fever [int[5mit[nt 5fi:v[(r)] 间歇热
undulant fever [ 5fi:v[(r)] 波状热
recurrenct fever [ 5fi:v[(r)] 回归热
irregular fever [i5regjul[(r) 5fi:v[(r)] 不规则热
fever type [5fi:v[(r) taip] 热型
absorption fever [[b5sR:pF([) 5fi:v[(r)] 吸收热
rigor [5raigR:(r)] 寒战
crisis [5kraisis] 骤降
lysis [5laisis] 渐降
pneymococal pneumonia [ nju:5m[uni[] 肺炎球菌肺炎
staphylococal pneumonia [ nju:5m[uni[] 葡萄球菌肺炎
klebsiellar pneumonia [ nju:5m[uni[] 克雷白杆菌肺炎
legionairzes disease [ di5zi:z] 军团菌病
mgcoplasmal pneumonia [ nju:5m[uni[] 支原体肺炎
canclidiasis [] 念珠菌病
pulmonary aspergillosis [5pQlm[n[ri A7sp\:dVi5l[usis] 肺曲菌病
pneumocystis carinii pneumonia [ nju:5m[uni[] 卡氏肺囊虫肺炎
ceftriazone [] 头孢三嗪
ceftazidine [] 头孢他啶
augmetin [] 安天菌
timentin [] 特美订
cefotaxime [] 头孢噻
piperaxillin [] 哌拉西林
clindamycin [7klind[5maisin] 克林酶素
erythomycin [] 红酶素
anaerobe [A5ne[r[ub] 厌氧菌
hyperthyroidism [haip[5WairRidiz([)m] 甲状腺机能亢进症
hypothyroidism [haip[u5WairRidiz([)m] 甲状腺机能减退症
subacute thyroiditis [7sQb[5kju:t 7WairRi5daitis] 亚急性甲状腺炎
chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis [5krRnik 7limf[u5sitik 7WairRi5daitis]
慢性淋巴性甲状腺炎
simple goiter [5simp([)l ] 单纯性甲状腺肿
thyrotoxicosis [5Wair[u7tRksi5k[usis] 甲状腺毒症
hashitoxicosis [] 桥本甲亢
tapazole [] 他巴唑
propylthiouracil [] 丙基硫氧嘧啶
levothyroxine [] 左旋甲状腺素
iodine-induced hyperthyroidism [ haip[5WairRidiz([)m] 碘甲亢
neonatal hyperthyroidism [7ni:[u5neit[l haip[5WairRidiz([)m] 新生儿甲亢
endemic struma [en5demik 5stru:m[] 地方性甲状腺肿
myxedema coma [7miks[5di:m[ 5k[um[] 黏液性水肿昏迷
infiltrative exophthalmus [] 浸润性的突眼
benign exophtalmus [bi5nain ] 良性突眼
thyroid crisis [5WairRid 5kraisis] 甲状腺中毒危象
octreotide [] 长效生长抑素
propranolol [pr[u5prAn[lRl] 心得安
hydrocortisone [7haidr[u5kR:tiz[un] 氢化可的松
pituitary tumours [pi5tju:t[ri (pi5tu:[teri) ] 垂体瘤
prolactunoma [] 泌乳素瘤
acromegaly [7Akr[u5meg[li] 肢端肥大
growth hormone deficiency [gr[uW 5hR:m[un di5fiF[nsi]
生长激素缺乏性侏儒
hypooituitarism [] 垂体功能低下
macroadenoma [] 大腺瘤
microadenoma [] 微小腺瘤
gigantism [dVai5gAntiz[m] 巨人症
diabetes insipidus [dai[5bi:ti:z ] 尿崩症
empty sella [5empti ] 空泡蝶鞍
vasopresin [] 加压素
somatomedins [7s[um[t[5mi:din] 生长介素
vasopresin [] 催产素
supraoptic nucleus son [7sju:pr[5Rptik 5nju:kli[s sQn] 下丘脑上核
paraventicular nucleus pvn [ 5nju:kli[s] 室旁核
baroregulation [] 压力调节
prolactin prl [pr[u5lAktin] 催乳素
bromocriptine [7br[um[5knpti:n] 溴隐亭
antidiuretic hormore [Anti7daiju[5retik ] 抗利尿激素
anorexia nervosa [An[5reksi[ ] 神经性厌食
ulcerative colits [] 溃疡性结肠炎
crpjms disease [ di5zi:z] 克隆氏病
inflammatory bowel disease ibs [in5flAm[t[ri 5b[u[l di5zi:z] 炎症性肠病
fissurine ulcer [ 5Qls[(r)] 裂隙状溃疡
sulfasalazine sasp [] 水杨酸偶氯磺胺吡啶
skip area [skip 5e[i[] 跳跃区
megacolon [] 巨结肠
diarrhea [7dai[5ri[] 腹泻
colonoscopy [7k[ul[5nRsk[pi] 肠镜
abdominal distention [Ab5dRmin[l dis5tenF[n] 腹水
barium enema [5be[ri[m 5enim[]
tenderness [] 压痛
rebound tenderness [5ri:b[und ] 反跳痛
liver cirrhosis [5liv[(r) si5r[usis] 肝硬化
hepatic cirrhosis [hi5pAtik si5r[usis] 肝硬化
mcburneys point [ pRint] 麦氏点
murphys sign [5m\:fi sain] 莫非征
hodgkings disease [ di5zi:z] 霍奇金病
acute peritonitis [[5kju:t perit[5naitis] 急性腹膜炎
peptic ulcer [5peptik 5Qls[(r)] 消化性溃疡
troubes area [ 5e[ri[] 讨贝区
barium enema [5be[ri[m 5enim[] 钡灌肠
shifting dullness [ dQlni:s] 移动性浊音
umbilical region [Qm5bilik([)l 5ri:dV[n] 脐部
pneumoperitoneum [] 气腹
dough kneading sensation [d[u ni:diN sen5seiF([)n] 揉面感
perustalsis [] 蠕动
liver thrill [5liv[(r) Wril] 肝震颤
courvoisiers sign [ sain] 无痛胆囊肿大征
sheehans disease [ di5zi:z] 席汉氏病
gurgling sound [5g\:g([)liN saund] 肠鸣音
scratch sound [skrAtF saund] 搔弹音
abdominal wall varoices [Ab5dRmin[l wR:l ] 腹壁静脉曲张
gastral patten [5gAstr[l 5pAt([)n] 胃型
friction sound [5frikF([)n saund] 摩擦音
apical belly [5eipik([)l 5beli] 尖腹
frog belly [frRg (frR:g) 5beli] 腹水
ascites [[5saiti:z] 蛙腹
cachexia [k[5keksi[] 恶液质
abdominal bulge [Ab5dRmin[l 5bQldV] 腹部膨隆
abdominal retraction [Ab5dRmin[l ri5trAkF[n] 腹部凹陷
epigestric region [ 5ri:dV[n] 上腹部
scaphoid abdomen [5skAfRid 5Abd[m[n] 舟状腹
spider [5spaid[(r)] 蜘蛛痣
board-like rigidity [ laik ri5dVid[ti] 板样硬度
addisons disease [ di5zi:z] 阿狄森病
budd-chiaris syndrome [bQd 5sindr[um] 柏-查综合征
cullens sign [ sain] 腹部皮下兰色征
costovertebral anbgle [] 肋脊角
fluctuation [] 波动感
fluid thrill [5flu:id Wril] 液波震颤
succusion splash [ splAF] 震水音
intestinal obstruction [in5testin[l [b5strQkF[n] 肠梗阻
ruler pressing test [5ru:l[(r) 5presiN test] 尺压实验
melena [m[5li:n[] 黑便
hepatic [hi5pAtik] 肝纤维化
portal hyptrtension [5pR:t([)l ] 门脉高压
portal-systemic shunting [5pR:t([)l sis5teimik FQntiN ] 门体分流
bridging necrosis [5bridVin ne5kr[usis] 桥状坏死
ascite jaundice [ 5dVR:ndis] 黄疸
hepatic encephalopathy [hi5pAtik en7sef[5lRp[Wi] 肝性脑病
endoscopy [] 内镜
endoscopic biopy [7end[5skRpik ] 活检
diagnostic endoscopy [dai[g5nRstik ] 诊断内镜
therapeutic endoscopy [Wer[5pju:tik ] 治疗内镜
gastroscopy [gAs5trRsk[pi] 胃镜
colonoscopy [7k[ul[5nRsk[pi] 肠镜
fi