英语四级考试必背的翻译句型

日期:2009-10-15 10:20:35    阅读:2508

大学四级考试临近,考生的准备工作也已接近尾声。最后的这几天考生要注重查缺补漏,在这里我们重点来说下大学四级中的翻译题。

  翻译题所占分值为5℅,由5个句子组成,每句话都由一部分汉语和一部分英语构成,要求考生将其中的汉语部分翻译成英语,与所给英语部分构成一个完整的句子。抓住所要翻译内容的主干,然后在此基础添加句子的其他成分,句子既成。下面我们一起看一下,支撑整个翻译内容的重点句型。

  1.It is + 形容词 + that

  【例句】________________(可想而知)that knowledge plays an important role in our life。

  【答案】It is conceivable

  2. It is+形容词+to do/ doing

  【例句】She had said what ________________(一切有必要说的话)。

  【答案】it was necessary to say

  3.倍数词+ more +名词/形容词+than

  【例句】Smoking is so harmful to personal health that it kills ________________(比死于车祸的人多七倍) each year。

  【答案】seven times more people than automobile accidents

  4.(not)as/ so… as 和……(不)一样

  【例句】The environmental problems ________________(没有他们在报告中说得那么严重)。

  【答案】are not as serious as they suggested in their report

  5. no more…than 与……一样不

  【例句】She ________________(也同样不宜当经理) a schoolgirl would be。

  【答案】is no more fit to be a manager than

  6. Nothing is more…than 没有比……更……的;……是最……的

  【例句】________________(没有比……更重要) to receive education。

  【答案】Nothing is more important than

  7. 感官动词+of+名词

  【例句】They hurriedly escaped into ________________(充满恐怖气氛的山洞)。

  【答案】a cave that smelt of terror

  8. without/ not so much as 甚至没有

  【例句】Disappointed with her husband,Mary left home ________________(甚至都没有回头看他一眼)。

  【答案】without so much as looking back at him

  9. only to find/ see 结果却;没想到会

  【例句】He spent almost all his money to buy the hen which was said to be able to lay gold eggs, ________________(没想到这只鸡根本不会下蛋)。

  【答案】only to find it could not lay eggs at all

  10. It is undoubted that/ There is no doubt that 毫无疑问,……

  【例句】________________(毫无疑问) war can be avoided if we get down to peace talk。

  【答案】There is no doubt that

  11. rather than 而不是……

  【例句】________________(与其追求金钱的享乐),we should focus on the improvement of ourselves。

  【答案】Rather than pursue money to achieve happiness

  12.(The)chances are that 很可能……

  【例句】________________(她很可能已经知道了), and there is no need for us to keep the secret。

  【答案】Chances are that she has already known it

  13. It occurred to sb. that 突然想到……

  【例句】________________(玛丽从来没有想到)she would become a princess someday。

  【答案】It had never occurred to Marry

  14. not… but… 不是……而是……

  【例句】To our disappointment, ________________(这个计划带来的不是进步而是破坏)。

  【答案】the plan caused not development but destruction

  15. When it comes to… 提及,当提到……的时候

  【例句】________________(谈到物理学), I know nothing。

  【答案】When it comes to physics

  16. be not much of a… 是个不太好的……

  【例句】________________(麦克不是个好老师) for he often skips from one subject to another。

  【答案】Mike is not much of a teacher

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