医学翻译之临床医学翻译(一)眼科词汇汉英

日期:2009-10-15 10:20:35    阅读:2776

    北京天译时代翻译公司是北京地区一家大型的专业翻译公司,在多种领域均有着丰富的翻译经验。立足北京并致力于在上海、大连、广州、等地提供翻译服务。公司整合了各地的资源,并在北京、上海、广州等地建立了翻译公司分部,以依托外资开发当地的翻译市场。天译时代翻译公司的翻译人员都有着优秀的翻译水平,公司的所有翻译均有着深厚的行业背景和翻译经验,对所翻译的行业有着深刻的理解,从而能够确保翻译项目的质量。公司致力于为每位客户提供专业快速的翻译服务,并成为沟通世界与中国的桥梁。
 

a
阿托品 atropine  安定 diazepam 
爱滋病 acquired immunodeficiency syndrome 安全守则 safety regulations

 b
  
掰刀片器 razor blade breakers 白斑 leucoma
白内障 cataract  白内障囊内摘出术 (ICCE) intracapsular cataract extraction
白内障囊外摘出术 ECCE  白内障手术后创口裂开 wound leak after cataract surgery 
白内障手术术前用药 premedication for cataract surgery 白内障术后护理 post-operative care for cataract surgery
斑翳 macula (corneal scarring) 包眼 patching of eye
包装箱 packing crates  暴露性角膜炎 exposure keratitis
杯-盘比 cup/disc ratio 鼻泪管阻塞 naso-lacrimal duct obstruction 
毕妥斑 Bitot’s spots 闭角型青光眼 angle closure glaucoma 
闭角型青光眼 angle closure glaucoma  变性 degeneration 
表面解剖 surface anatomy 病毒感染 viral infections
病史采集 history-taking  玻璃体 vitreous body 
玻璃体积血 vitreous haemorrhage  玻璃体切除术 vitrectomy

c
苍蝇flies 草药herbal remedies
潮湿气候wet climates 虫叮咬insect stings
出血haemorrhage 初级保健primary health care
初级卫生保健primary health care 穿刺paracentesis
传统疗法traditional remedies 春季结膜炎鹅卵石样改变cobblestones in vernal conjunctivitis
春季卡他性结膜炎vernal conjunctivitis 刺囊吸引术discission and aspiration
醋氮酰胺acetazolamide 醋氮酰胺Diamox

d
  
带状光检眼镜streak retinoscopy 
带状疱疹herpes zoster 单纯疱疹Herbert’ pits
蛋白质-能量营养不良PEM, protein-energy malnutrition 倒睫trichiasis
低视力眼镜low vision spectacles 滴剂drops
地理分布geographical distribution 地塞米松dexmethasone
第一眼位primary position 点状角膜炎punctate keratitis
碘iodine 碘苷idoxuridine
电池batteries 电弧焊烧伤welder’s arc burns
垫睑板,用汤匙做成lid plates, made from spoons 调查surveys
调节accommodation 丁烷气炉butane gas stoves
对光反射light reflex 钝挫伤contusion injuries

e
儿科学paediatrics

f
 
发病率incidence 翻转上睑everting of eyes
翻转上睑everting upper eyelid 防盲blindness prevention
房角后退angle recession 房水aqueous fluid
放射学radiology 非化脓性non-purulent
非计划性的白内障囊外摘出术unplanned ECCE 非洲Africa
肺炎双球菌pneumococcus spp. 分类法classifications
分类法classifications 缝线sutures
服务俱乐部service clubs 复视diplopia
副交感神经拟似剂parasympathomimetics 腹泻diarrhoea

g
 
干眼dry eye 干眼症xerophthalmia
干眼症xerophthalmia 干眼症的饮食治疗diet for xerophthalmia
甘露醇mannitol 甘油glycerol
杆体rods 感光perception of light
感光器photoreceptors 钢,碳和不锈钢steel, carbon vs stainless
高渗药物 hyperosmotic drugs 高眼压hypertension, ocular
高眼压ocular hypertension 革兰氏染色Gram’s stain
工业气体industrial gases 公共卫生public health
公卫护士public health nursr 巩膜sclera
巩膜炎scleritis 骨性眶bony orbit
光感light perception 光投射projection of light
光投照light projection 光学optics
光学车间optical workshops 国家眼科项目national eye programmes
过敏反应anaphylaxis 过敏性结膜炎allergic conjunctivitis
过熟期白内障hypermature cataract 过熟期白内障Morgagnian cataract

h
 
河盲,盘尾丝虫病river blindness 
黑蝇simulium damnosum 红霉素erythromycin
红眼red eye 虹膜iris
虹膜睫状体炎iridocyclitis 虹膜麻痹iridoplegia
虹膜膨隆iris bombe 虹膜切除术iridectomy
虹膜切开术iridotomy 虹膜炎iritis
后弹力膜Descemet’s membrane 后段posterior segment
后房posterior chamber 后囊下白内障posterior subcapsular cataract
后葡萄膜炎posterior uveitis 后粘连posterior synechiae
护士nurse 化脓性purulent
化脓性结膜炎purulent conjunctivitis 化学性烧伤chemical injuries
环苯妥(一种扩瞳剂)cyclopentolate 环状切开术peritomy
患病率prevalence 黄斑变性macula degeneration
磺胺醋酰钠sulphacetamide 磺胺药sulphonamides
回形针paperclip 混浊opacities

j
 
 
机构,资源organizations, resource 交感性眼炎sympathetic ophthalmia
交通事故accidents, automobile 肌肉muscles
焦距focal length 角膜瘢痕corneal scarring
激惹irritation 角膜擦伤abrasions ,corneal
继发性青光眼secondary glaucoma 角膜后沉着(K.P)keratic precipitates
家蝇house flies 角膜结膜炎keratoconjunctivitis
甲醇methyl alcohol 角膜软化症keratomalacia
钾丢失potassium loss 角膜炎keratitis
假芽孢菌pseudomonas spp. 角膜缘limbus
间接检眼镜indirect ophthalmoscopy 角膜真菌病keratomycosis
间质混浊media opacities 接触镜(隐形眼镜)contact lenses
减充血剂decongestants 街区local communities
检查examination 结核trberculosis
检查儿童时的约束restraint for examination of children 结节切除术nodulectomy in onchocerciasis
检影镜retinoscopy 结膜conjunctiva
睑板tarsal plates 结膜黑色素瘤melanoma of conjunctiva
睑结合膜tarsal conjunctiva 睑拉钩lid retractors
结膜色素沉着pigmentation of conjunctiva 睑裂闭合不全(兔眼)lagophthalmos
结膜水肿chemosis 睑裂缝合术tarsorrhaphy
结膜下出血subconjunctival haemorrhage‘ 睑裂黄斑pingueculum
结膜炎conjunctivitis 睑球粘连symblepharon
睫毛cilia 睑腺glands of eyelids
睫状充血ciliary flush 睑缘炎blepharitis
睫状肌麻醉眼药水cycloplegic eye drops 碱水lye
睫状体ciliary body 健康教育 education, health
睫状体分离术cyclodialysis 降眼压药hypotensive agents, ocular
睫状体冷凝术cyclocryopexy 降眼压药ocular hypotensive agents
交感神经能拟似药sympathomimetics

k
 
开睑器lid retractor 
开角型青光眼open angle glaucoma 抗生素antibiotics
抗酸染色acid-fast stain 抗真菌剂antifungal agents
科-维杆菌Koch-Weeks bacillus 克里百菌属Knives, surgical
客观验光objective refraction 肯尼亚Kenya
扩瞳剂miotics 扩瞳剂mydriatic eye drops

l
 
拉钩(牵开器)retractors 
老视眼presbyopia 蓝多氏视力表C chart (Landoldt)
泪膜tear film 泪阜caruncle
泪囊炎dacrycystitis 泪器lacrimal system
泪腺lacrimal gland 泪小点puncta
泪小管canaliculi 泪小管炎canaliculitis
类风湿关节炎rheumatoid arthritis 立体视stereopsis
利多卡因lidocaine 裂隙灯检查slit lamp examination
淋病gonorrhoea 淋菌性结膜炎gonococcal conjunctivitis
淋球菌gonococcal 鳞状细胞癌squamous cell carcinoma
流行病学epidemiology 流行病学家epidemiologists
流行性出血性结膜炎epidemic haemorrhagic conjunctivitis 漏leaks
颅内肿瘤intracranial mass 颅神经麻痹cranial nerve palsy
滤过性手术 filtering surgery 氯霉素chloramphenicol

m
 
麻风leprosy 麻疹measles
麻疹疫苗接种vaccination for measles 麻醉,表面,局部anaesthesia, local, topical
麦粒肿hordeolum 脉络膜choroid
脉络膜视网膜炎chorioretinitis 脉络膜脱离choroid separation
盲人定义blindness classification 毛果芸香碱pilocarpine
梅毒lues, syphilis 梅毒syphilis
媒介控制vector control 面对面视野粗试法cross-confrontation field testing

n
 
缪勒肌(平滑肌)Müller’s muscles 
木醇wood alcohol 内翻entropion
内斜视esotropia 内眼检查internal ocular examination
奈瑟氏淋球菌Neisseria gonorrheae 囊膜capsule
囊镊capsule forceps 尿素urea
尿用于传统疗法urine as traditional remedy 牛眼buphthalmos,ox eye

盘尾丝虫病onchocerciasis 
盘尾丝虫性脉络膜炎choroiditis in onchocerciasis 泡沫床垫foam mattresses
培训初保人员training of primary health care workers 膨胀期白内障intumescent cataract
皮肤结节skin nodules 皮质类固醇corticosteroids, steroids
皮质类固醇steroids 破伤风预防tetanus prevention
葡萄膜uveal tract 葡萄膜炎uveitis
葡萄球菌Staphylococcus spp. 葡萄肿staphyloma

q
 
气候climates 汽车motor vehicles
汽车头灯automobiles 汽炉(消毒器械用)gas stoves, for sterilizing instruments
器械instruments 器械消毒sterilization of instruments
前弹力膜Bowman’s membrane 前段anterior segment
前房anterior chamber 前房穿刺paracentesis of anterior chamber
前房盥洗irrigation of anterior chamber 前房积脓hypopyon
前房积血hyphema 前房角镜检查gonioscopy
前粘连anterior synechiae 浅前房shallow
青光眼glaucoma 青霉素penicillin
氢氧化钙calcium hydroxide 氢氧化钾potassium hydroxide
庆大霉素gentamicin 穹隆部 fornices
球后神经阻滞retrobulbar nerve block 驱逐性出血expulsive haemorrhage
驱逐性脉络膜出血expulsive choroidal haemorrhage 屈光refraction
屈光不正ametrapia,refractice errors 屈光度(D)dioptre
全科医生clinical officers 全葡萄膜炎panuveitis

r
 
热带气候tropical climates 日光sunlight
热烧灼thermal cautery 人工晶体植入术intraocular lens implants
人工泪液artificial tears 人工晶体artificial intraocular lenses
乳头papillae 弱视amblyopia,lazy eye

s
 
噻吗心安timolol maleate (Timoptic) 三级医院tertiary hospitals
散光astigmatism
 沙眼trachoma
沙眼瘢痕scars in trachoma 沙眼的社区控制计划community control programmers for trachoma
沙眼分期法grading system for trachoma 沙眼滤泡follicles in trachoma
沙眼衣原体Chlamydia trachomatis
 筛查screening
上睑提肌levator palpebrae superioris muscles 上斜视hypertropia
烧伤burns 烧灼术cautery
社区communities, local 肾上腺素adrenaline,epinephrine
狮子会Lions’ Clubs 石油进眼petrol in eyes
世界卫生组织World Health Organization 视杯cup, optic
视觉残疾定义(WHO)visual disability, definition 视觉神经通道neural pathways for vision
视觉通路pathways for vision
 视觉障碍,分类(WHO)visual impairment, classification
视力visual acuity 视乳头水肿papilledema
视神经optic nerve
 视神经萎缩optic atrophy
视网膜retina 视网膜变性degeneration of retina
视网膜脱离detachment of retina 视像不等aniseikonia
视野visual fields 视野检查perimetry
试镜匣trial lens sets 适宜技术appropriate technology
嗜血菌属Haemophilus spp 手法挤压manual expression
手术surgery 手术标志landmarks, anatomical
手术放大镜operating loupes
 手术光源light source for surgery
手术营地camps surgical 手术用头架headrests, surgical
输淋氏管Schlemm’s canal 术前护理pre-operative care
树枝状角膜炎dendritic keratitis 数指finger counting
双眼视觉binocular vision 水,滤过water, filtering
司机drivers 撕裂伤lacerations
四环素tetracycline 粟粒性phlyctenule

t
 
太阳灯性角膜炎sunlamp keratitis 碳酸酐酶抑制剂carbonic anhydrase inhibitors
糖尿病diabetes mellitus 疼痛pain
瞳孔pupils 瞳孔扩大,外伤性mydriasis, traumatic
瞳孔扩大dilatation of pupils 瞳孔阻滞pupillary block
偷针眼(麦粒肿)stys 透明质酸酶hyaluronidase
托吡卡胺tropicamide 脱出prolapse
脱离detachment 脱色素depigmentation
脱位dislocation 脱位白内障luxated cataract

w
 
外伤injuries,trauma 外伤性瞳孔扩大traumatic mydriasis
外斜视exotropia 外眼检查external ocular examination
微孔滤过器millipore filters 微丝蚴microfilariae of ohchocerciasis
维生素A vitamin A 卫生服务health services
卫生计划者health planner 喂奶breast feeding
文盲用视力表illiterate charts 无晶体眼aphakia

x
 
吸血海绵sponges,surgical 
细菌培养bacterial culture 细菌性角膜溃疡bacterial corneal
先天性白内障congenital cataract 先天性青光眼congenital glaucoma
显微镜检查microscopic examination 线状刀Graefe knife
霰粒肿chalazion 香蕉bananas
消毒方法sterile technique 消瘦marasmus
硝酸银silver nitrate 小梁切除术trabeculectomy
小梁网trabecular meshwork 斜视squint,strabismus
新生儿newborn 新生儿结膜炎 neonatal conjunctivitis
新生儿眼炎ophthalmia neonatorum 新生血管性青光眼neovascularity secondary glaucoma
许氏眼压计Schiotz tonometers 雪盲snow blindness
血管翳pannus 巡回眼科医疗队mobile eye units

y
 
压力锅消毒器械cooking pots for sterilizing instruments 压陷式眼压计indentation tonometers
盐溶液saline solution 眼保护罩protective eye shields
眼部感染 eye infections 眼部检查examination of eyes
眼底fundus 眼底镜检查ophthalmoscopy
眼垫eye pads 眼睑eyelids
眼介质ocular media 眼镜spectacles
眼科包扎员dressers, ophthalmic 眼科辅助人员ophthalmic auxiliaries
眼科学,公共卫生ophthalmology, public health 眼科医师ophthalmologists
眼眶orbit 眼轮匝肌orbicularis oculi muscle
眼内金属异物metallic intraocular foreign body 眼内炎endophthalmitis
眼内炎症intraocular inflammation 眼内异物intraocular foreign bodies
眼球eyeball 眼球表面伤surface injuries to eyeball
眼球穿通伤 penetration injuries of eyeball 眼球筋膜Tenon’s capsule
眼球痨phthisis bulbi 眼球破裂ruptured globe
眼球摘除术enucleation 眼生理physiology of eye
眼外肌extraocular muscles 眼压测量tonometry
眼压计tonometers 眼罩eye shields
药品的彩色编码color coding of drugs 夜盲 night blindness
医辅人员medical auxiliaries 医疗记录medical records
医院hospitals 医助medical assistants
乙胺嗪枸橼酸盐(抗丝虫药)diethylcarbamazine citrate 乙膦硫胆碱(缩瞳剂)echothiophate
异凡曼霉素(杀寄生虫药)ivermectin (Mectizan) 异物foreign bodies
翼状胬肉pterygium 阴虱crab louse,phthirus pubis
饮食史dietary history 荧光素fluorescein
营养不良malnutrition 营养性盲nutritional blindness
营养学家nutritionists 用药medications
瘀斑ecchymosis 预防prevention
预防新生儿淋病眼的方法(1%硝酸银)Crede prophylaxis 预防性眼保健preventive eye care
远视眼far-sightedness , hyperopia 云翳nebula

z
 
粘连synechiae 
针拨术couching 针孔试验pinhole test
真菌性角膜溃疡 fungal corneal ulcer 诊所clinics
正常眼压青光眼normal-pressure glaucoma 正视眼emmetropia
蜘蛛咬伤spider bites 植物vegetable matter
制霉菌素nystatin 致盲性沙眼blinding trachoma
致盲性营养不良blinding malnutrition 痣nevus
中间技术intermediate technology 中央视力central vision
周边虹膜切除术 peripheral iridectomy 猪尾状探针pigtail probe
主觉验光subjective refraction 助产士midwives
注吸器infusion-aspiration syringes 锥体cones
资源组织resource organizations 紫外光ultraviolet light
自动验光仪autorefractors 自制酒distilled spirits
眦canthi 综合屈光检查仪 phoropters

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