医学翻译之临床医学翻译(一)消化病学名词之

日期:2009-10-15 10:20:35    阅读:1825

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消化病学名词之五 Digestive disease terminology

 

探条扩张[术], bougienage

特发性弥漫性溃疡, idiopathic diffuse ulcer

Turcot综合征, Turcot syndrome

体外肝灌注, extra-corporeal liver perfusion

同期胰肾联合移植, simultaneous pancreas and renal transplantation

吞气症, aerophagia, air swallowing

吞线试验, string test

拖出术, pull-through operation

脱落法细胞学检查[术], exfoliative cytologic examination

脱气水, de-aerated water

外伤性胰腺炎, traumatic pancreatitis

外伤性直肠炎,  traumatic proctitis

Witzel胃造口术, Witzel gastrostomy

微波凝固[术], microwave coagulation

Vim-Silverman针活组织检查, Vim-Silverman needle biopsy

萎缩性胃炎, atrophic gastritis

畏食, sitophobia, sitiophobia

胃[肠]石, bezoar

胃癌, gastric cancer

胃半切除术, hemigastrectomy

胃部分切除术, partial gastrectomy

胃肠出血, gastrointestinal bleeding

胃肠道外全面营养, total parenteral nutrition

胃肠吻合术, gastroenterostomy

胃出口梗阻, gastric outlet obstruction

胃次全切除术, subtotal gastrectomy

胃底折叠术, fundoplication

胃窦切除术, antrectomy

胃固定术, gastropexy

胃结核, tuberculosis of stomach

胃镜, gastroscope

胃镜检查[术], gastroscopy

胃空肠结肠瘘, gastrojejunocolic fistula

胃空肠吻合术, gastrojejunostomy

胃溃疡, gastric ulcer

胃泌素瘤, gastrinoma

胃扭转, gastric volvulus

胃旁路术, gastric bypass

胃气胀, bloating

胃憩室, gastric diverticulum

胃切开术, gastrotomy

胃全切除术, total gastrectomy

胃十二指肠吻合术, gastroduodenostomy

胃食管反流, gastroesophageal reflux

胃外瘘, gastrocutaneous fistula

胃下垂, gastroptosis

胃炎, gastritis

胃液分析, gastric analysis

胃造口术, gastrostomy

胃粘膜脱垂, prolapse of gastric mucosa

胃重复[畸形], reduplication of stomach

胃潴留, gastric retention, 

胃灼热, heartburn, pyrosis

吻合[术], anastomosis

吻合口, anastomotic stoma

吻合口溃疡, stomal ulcer, marginal ulcer

无肝期, anhepatic phase

无结石胆囊炎, acalculous cholecystitis

无菌性腹膜炎, aseptic peritonitis

戊型病毒性肝炎, viral hepatitis type E

吸收不良, malabsorption

吸引活检[术], suction biopsy

Hirschsprung病, Hirschsprung disease

Hill食管裂孔疝修补术, Hill hiatal hernia repair

息肉, polyp

息肉病, polyposis

息肉分块切除[术], piecemeal polypectomy

息肉切除[术], polypectomy

洗胃, gastric lavage

细菌性腹泻, bacterial diarrhea

细菌性肝脓肿, bacterial liver abscess

细菌性痢疾, bacillary dysentery, shigellosis

先天性胆总管扩张, congenital choledochus dilatation

先天性胆总管囊肿, congenital choledochus cyst

先天性短食管, congenital short esophagus

先天性肥大性幽门狭窄, congenital hypertrophic pyloric stenosis

先天性肝内胆管扩张, congenital intrahepatic duct dilatation

先天性肝囊肿, congenital cyst of liver

先天性肝硬化, congenital cirrhosis

先天性肛门闭锁, congenital anal atresia

先天性肛门狭窄, congenital anal stenosis

先天性肛门直肠畸形, congenital ano-rectal malformation

先天性家族性非溶血性黄疸, congenital familial nonhemolytic jaundice

先天性巨结肠, congenital megacolon

先天性食管闭锁, congenital esophageal atresia

先天性食管狭窄, congenital stenosis of esophagus

先天性胃扭转, congenital gastric volvulus

先天性吸收不良, congenital malabsorption

先天性直肠闭锁, congenital rectal atresia

先天性直肠狭窄, congenital stenosis of rectum

纤维内镜, fiberendoscope

腺瘤性息肉, adenomatous polyp

相对面溃疡, kissing ulcer

消化不良, dyspepsia, indigestion

消化内镜[学], digestive endoscopy

消化系统结核, tuberculosis of digestive system

消化性溃疡, peptic ulcer

消化学, digestology

小肠恶性淋巴瘤small intestinal malignant lymphoma

小肠梗阻, small intestine obstruction

小肠镜检查[术], small intestinal endoscopy

小肠溃疡, small intestinal ulcer

小肠瘘, small bowel fistula

小肠排列术, plication of small intestine

小肠炎, enteritis

小肠移植, small intestine transplantation

小肠淤滞综合征, small intestinal stasis syndrome

小儿肝移植, pediatric liver transplantation

小儿内镜检查[术], pediatric endoscopy

小儿小肠移植, pediatric small intestine transplantation

斜视内镜, oblique-viewing endoscope

泻药性结肠, cathartic colon

心源性肝硬化, cardiac cirrhosis

新生儿肝炎综合征, neonatal hepatitis syndrome

新生儿坏死性小肠结肠炎, necrotizing enterocolitis of newborn

胸腹膜裂孔疝, bochdalek hernia

选择性肝移植, selective-term liver transplantation

选择性迷走神经切断术, selective vagotomy

血便, bloody stool

血管显露, exposed vessel

亚急性阑尾炎, subacute appendicitis

亚急性重型肝炎, subacute severe hepatitis

咽憩室, pharyngeal diverticulum

咽食管憩室,  pharyngoesophageal diverticulum

咽下部憩室, hypopharyngealdiverticulum, 

炎性肠病, inflammatory bowel disease

炎性息肉, inflammatory polyp

一期小肠移植, one-stage small intestine transplantation

胰胆管汇合异常, malfusion of pancreatobiliary ducts

胰岛素瘤, insulinoma, insuloma

胰岛细胞瘤, islet cell tumor

胰功能不全, pancreatic insufficiency

胰管梗阻, pancreatemphraxis

胰管结扎式胰腺移植, duct-ligation pancreas transplantation

胰管镜检查[术], pancreatoscopy

胰管填塞式胰腺移植, duct obstruction pancreas transplantation

胰管未汇合, non-fusion of pancreatic ducts

胰结核, tuberculosis of pancreas

胰空肠吻合术, pancreaticojejunostomy

胰瘘, pancreatic fistula

胰肾联合移植, combined pancreas and renal transplantation

胰十二指肠切除术, pancreaticoduodenectomy

胰十二指肠移植, pancreas-duodenal transplantation

胰石, pancreatolith, pancreatic calculus

胰石病, pancreatolithiasis

胰腺创伤, pancreatic trauma

胰腺分裂, pancreas divisum

胰腺钙化, calcification of pancreas

胰腺假囊肿, pancreatic pseudocyst

胰腺囊肿, pancreatic cyst

胰腺脓肿, abscess of pancreas

胰腺外瘘, external fistula of pancreas

胰腺炎, pancreatitis

胰腺移植, pancreas transplantation

胰腺异位, heterotopic pancreas

胰腺周围脓肿, peripancreatic abscess

胰源性腹水, pancreatic ascites

移动性盲肠, mobile caecum

移植胰假性囊肿, graft pancreatic pseudocyst

移植胰胰瘘, graft pancreatic fistula

移植胰胰腺炎, graft pancreatitis

乙型病毒性肝炎, viral hepatitis type B

乙状结肠膀胱, sigmoid conduit

乙状结肠膀胱扩大术, sigmoid augmentation cystoplasty, 

乙状结肠结核, tuberculosis of sigmoid colon

乙状结肠镜检查[术], sigmoidoscopy

异位肝移植, heterotopic liver transplantation

异位小肠移植, heterotopic small intestine transplantation

异位胰腺移植, heterotopic pancreas transplantation

饮食过多, hyperphagia

隐肛, covered anus

隐窝炎, cryptitis

隐源性肝硬化, cryptogenic cirrhosis

印片法细胞学检查[术], imprint cytologic examination

应激性溃疡, stress ulcer

硬化性胆管炎,  sclerosing cholangitis

硬式内镜, rigid endoscope

永久性结肠造口术, permanent colostomy

幽门闭锁, pyloric atresia

幽门成形术, pyloroplasty

幽门梗阻, pyloric obstruction

幽门管溃疡, pyloric canal ulcer

幽门环变形, deformity of pyloric ring

幽门肌切开术, pyloromyotomy

幽门蹼, pyloric web

幽门前瓣膜, prepyloric diaphragm

幽门狭窄, pyloric stenosis

游动胆囊, floating gallbladder

右半结肠切除术, right hemicolectomy

幼年性息肉, juvenile polyp

淤胆型肝炎, cholestatic hepatitis

预备性切开, precutting

原发性胃食管反流, primary gastro-esophageal reflux

原发性移植肝无功能, primary liver graft nonfunction

原位肝移植, orthotopic liver transplantation

原位旁肝移植, paratopic liver transplantation

原位旁胰腺移植, paratopic pancreas transplantation

原位小肠移植, orthotopic small intestine transplantation

再次肝移植, secondary liver transplantation

暂时性结肠造口术, temporary colostomy

增生性胆囊炎, hyperplastic cholecystitis

增生性胃病, hyperplastic gastropathy

增生性息肉, hyperplastic polyp

粘连性腹膜炎, adhesive peritonitis

粘膜不平, uneven mucosa

粘膜桥, mucosal bridge

粘膜切除术, mucosectomy

粘膜缺乏光泽, lack of mucosal luster

粘膜皱襞杵状肥大, clubbing of mucosal fold

粘膜皱襞前端变细, tapering of mucosal fold

粘膜皱襞中断, abrupt ending of mucosal fold

粘液样便,  mucoid stool

脂肪肝, fatty liver

蜘蛛痣, spider angioma

直肠膀胱一结肠腹壁造口术, rectal bladder and abdominal colostomy

直肠固定术, proctopexy, rectopexy

直肠后脓肿, retrorectal abscess

直肠后拖也吻合巨结肠根治术, duhamel procedure

直肠环钳吻合术, ring clamp anastomosis of rectum

直肠肌鞘拖出吻合巨结肠根治术, soave procedure

直肠镜检查[术], proctoscopy

直肠瘘, rectal fistula

直肠膨出, rectocele

直肠切除术, proctectomy

直肠烧灼, rectal burning

直肠损伤, rectal injury

直肠脱垂, rectal prolapse

直肠狭窄, stricture of rectum

直肠炎, proctitis

直肠乙状结肠镜检查[术], proctosigmoidoscopy

直肠阴道瘘, rectovaginal fistula

直肠指检, digital rectal examination

直肠周围脓肿, perirectal abscess

直视下活检[术], direct vision biopsy

植物石, phytobezoar

中肠扭转, midgut volvulus

中毒性肝硬化, toxic cirrhosis

舟状腹, scaphoid abdomen

皱襞集中, converging folds

自发性腹膜炎, spontaneous peritonitis

自发性胃穿孔, spontaneous perforation of stomach

自体小肠移植, autologous small intestine transplantation

最大酸排出量, maximal acid output

左半结肠切除术, left hemicolectomy

Zollinger-Ellison综合征, Zollinger-Ellison syndrome

坐骨直肠窝脓肿, ischiorectal abscess

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