医学翻译之临床医学翻译(一)消化病学名词四

日期:2009-10-15 10:20:35    阅读:1972

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消化病学名词之四 Digestive disease terminology

麻痹性肠梗阻, paralytic ileus

Mallory-Weiss综合征, Mallory-Weiss syndrome

慢性非化浓性破坏性胆管炎, chronic nonsuppurative destructive cholangitis

慢性溃疡性结肠炎, chronic ulcerative colitis

慢性重型肝炎, chronic severe hepatitis

盲肠膀胱扩大术, cecum augmentation cystoplasty

盲肠后位阑尾, retrocecal appendix

盲肠炎, typhlitis, cecitis

盲肠造口术, cecostomy

盲袢综合征, blind loop syndrome

毛石, trichobezoar

毛植物石, trichophytobezoar

Meckel憩室, Meckel diverticulum

Menetrier病, Menetrier disease

门静脉高压, portal hypertension

门静脉脓血症, portal pyemia

门静脉血栓形成, thrombosis  of portal vein

门静脉炎, pylephlebitis

门脉性肝硬化, portal cirrhosis

门体脑病, portosystemic encephalopathy

弥漫性腹膜炎, diffuse peritonitis

弥漫性食管痉挛, diffuse spasm of esophagus

迷走神经干切断术, truncal vagotomy

迷走神经切断术, vagotomy

糜烂性胃炎, erosive gastritis

米库利兹结肠造口术, Mikulicz colostomy

面团感, doughy sensation

Murphy征, Murphy sign

内镜, endoscope

内镜超声检查[术], endoscopic ultrasonography

内镜胆管引流[术], endoscopic biliary drainage

内镜复位[术], endoscopic reduction

内镜检查术, endoscopy

内镜逆行胰胆管造影[术], endoscopic retrograde cholangio pancreatography

内镜取石[术], endoscopic stone extraction technique

内镜碎石[术], endoscopic lithotripsy

内镜胰管引流[术], endoscopic drainage of pancreatic duct

内镜粘膜下肿瘤切除[术], endoscopic enucleation of submucosal tumor

内镜治疗[术], therapeutic endoscopy

内镜置管[术], endoprosthesis

内镜注射治疗[术], endoscopic injection therapy

逆蠕动吻合[术], antiperistaltic anastomosis

凝结物, concretion

诺沃克组病毒性胃肠炎, norwalk agents gastroenteritis

呕血, hematemesis

袢式结肠造口术, loop colostomy

喷射性呕吐, projectile vomiting

盆腔内吻合巨结肠根治术, rehbein procedure

劈裂式肝移植, split liver transplantation

皮革样胃, leather bottle stomach, linitis plastica

脾大, splenomegaly

脾功能亢进, hypersplenism

脾门静脉造影术, splenoportography

脾曲综合征, splenic flexure syndrome

屁, flatus

胼胝性溃疡, callous ulcer, indolent ulcer

平坦性病变, flat lesion

Plummer-Vinson综合征, Plummer-Vinson syndrome

脐肠瘘, omphalo-enteric fistula

气腹, pneumoperitoneum

气管食管瘘, tracheo-esophageal fistula

气囊扩张器, balloon dilator

气囊填塞, balloon tamponade

气体扩张器, pneumatic dilator

气胀, flatulence, gaseous distention

气肿性胆囊炎, emphysematous cholecystitis

憩室, diverticulum

憩室病, diverticulosis

憩室前期, prediverticular stage

憩室切除术, diverticulectomy

憩室炎, diverticulitis

迁延性肝炎, persistent hepatitis

前视内镜, forward-viewing endoscope

钳夹活检[术], forceps biopsy

浅表性胃炎, superficial gastritis

腔静脉造影[术], venacavography

桥形皱襞, bridging fold

倾倒综合征,  dumping syndrome

球后十二指肠溃疡, postbulbar duodenal ulcer

曲张静脉切除术, varicectomy

圈套器, snare

圈套烧灼术, snare cautery

全部吸收不良, panmalabsorption

全结肠切除术, total colectomy

全结肠炎, pancolitis

全上消化道内镜检查[术], panendoscopy

全小肠移植, whole small intestine transplantation

全胰十二指肠切除术, total pancreaticoduodenectomy

全胰腺移植, whole pancreas transplantation

缺血性结肠炎, ischemic colitis

热活检, hot biopsy

热探头凝固[术], heater probe coagulation

Gillbert综合征, Gillbert syndrome

肉芽肿性胃炎, granulomatous gastritis

乳糜性腹膜炎, chyle peritonitis

乳糖不耐受[症], lactose intolerance

乳糖酶缺乏, lactase deficiency

乳头括约肌切开[术], sphincterotomy, papillotomy

乳头切开刀, papillotome

乳头上部切开, suprapapillary incision

三次肝移植, tertiary liver transplantation

色素内镜检查[术], dye endoscopy, chromoendoscopy

色素性结石, pigmented stone, 

Sengstaken-Blakemore管, Sengstaken-Blakemore tube

上腔静脉梗阻, obstruction of superior vena cava

上腔静脉综合症, superior vena cava syndrome

失弛缓症, achalasia

十二指肠闭锁, duodenal atresia

十二指肠残端漏, duodenal stump leakage

十二指肠梗阻, obstruction of duodenum

十二指肠钩虫病, capillariasis hepatica

十二指肠假憩室, pseudodiverticulum of duodenum

十二指肠镜检查[术], duodenoscopy

十二指肠空肠襻不全旋转, incomplete rotation of duodenojejunal loop

十二指肠溃疡, duodenal ulcer

十二指肠旁疝, paraduodenal hernia

十二指肠蹼, duodenal web

十二指肠胃反流, duodenogastric reflux

十二指肠狭窄, duodenal stenosis

十二指肠炎, duodenitis

食管癌, esophageal carcinoma

食管闭锁, esophageal atresia

食管穿孔, perforation of esophagus

食管恶性黑[色]素瘤, malignant melanoma of esophagus

食管腐蚀性灼伤, corrosive burn of esophagus

食管环, esophageal ring

食管肌层环切延长术, Livaditis procedure

食管结核, tuberculosis of esophagus

食管静脉曲张

内镜结扎[术], endoscopic rubber banding for esophageal varices

食管静脉曲张, esophageal varices

食管静脉曲张硬化治疗[术], sclerotherapy for esophageal varices

食管镜检查[术], esophagoscopy

食管空肠吻合术, esophagojejunostomy

食管扩张探条, bougie for esophageal dilatation

食管裂孔疝, hiatus hernia

食管裂孔疝修补术, hiatal hernia repair

食管内压力测定, intraesophageal manometry

食管囊肿, esophageal cyst

食管旁疝, paraesophageal hernia

食管旁食管裂孔疝, paraesophageal hiatus hernia

食管平滑肌瘤摘出术, enucleation of esophageal leiomyoma

食管蹼, esophageal web

食管憩室, diverticulum of esophagus

食管切除术, esophagectomy

食管曲张静脉破裂, rupture of esophageal varices

食管神经性功能紊乱, neurogenic dysfunction of esophagus

食管十二指肠吻合术, esophagoduodenostomy

食管酸灌注试验, esophageal acid perfusion test

食管探条, esophageal bougie

食管胃底吻合术, esophagofundostomy

食管胃切除术, esophagogastrectomy

食管胃切除术与结肠间置术, esophagogastrectomy with colon interposition

食管胃切除术与Roux-en-Y形食管空肠吻合术, esophagogastrectomy with Roux-en-Y esophagojejunostomy

食管胃吻合术, esophagogastrostomy

食管消化性溃疡, peptic ulcer of esophagus

食管炎, esophagitis

食管异位软骨, ectopic cartilage of esophagus

食管运动功能失调, esophageal motility dysfunction

食管粘膜撕裂症, Mallory-Weiss syndrome,  esophageal mucosa laceration

食管粘膜息肉, polypus of esophageal mucosa

食管重复畸形, duplication of esophagus

食管自发性破裂, spontaneous rupture of esophagus

食欲缺乏, anorexia

柿石, diospyrobezoar, persimmon bezoar

嗜酸细胞性胃肠炎, eosinophilic gastroenteritis

嗜酸细胞性胃炎, eosinophilic gastritis

输入袢综合征, afferent loop syndrome

术后胆囊炎, postoperative cholecystitis

术后胰腺炎, postoperative pancreatitis

术中胆管造影[术], intraoperative cholangiography

术中内镜检查[术], intraoperative endoscopy

双管结肠造口术, double barrel colostomy

双极电凝[术], bipolar electrocoagulation

霜斑样病变, ”shimofuri” lesion

水充盈法, water-filling method

水囊法, water-filled balloon method

水压扩张器, hydrostatic dilator

水样便, watery stool

顺蠕动吻合[术], iso-peristaltic anastomosis

胎粪性肠梗阻, meconium ileus

胎粪性腹膜炎, meconium peritonitis

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