医学翻译之临床医学翻译(一)消化病学名词二

日期:2009-10-15 10:20:35    阅读:2032

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消化病学名词之二 Digestive disease terminology

大便失禁, fecal incontinence

大肠梗阻, large bowel obstruction, colonic obstruction

大网膜及肠系膜囊肿, omental cyst and mesenteric cyst

单纯性集群性憩室病, simple massed diverticulosis

单极电凝[术], monopolar electrocoagulation

胆[结]石, gallstone

胆道闭锁, biliary atresia

胆道测压[术], manometry of biliary tract

胆道出血, hemobilia

胆道感染, infection of biliary tract

胆道梗阻, obstruction of biliary tract

胆道蛔虫病, biliary ascariasis

胆道贾第虫病, giardiasis of biliary tract

胆道减压术, decompression of biliary tract

胆道闪烁显像[术], cholescintigraphy

胆道运动障碍, biliary dyskinesia

胆固醇结石, cholesterol calculus

胆管癌, carcinoma of bile duct

胆管测压造影[术], manometric cholangiography

胆管肝炎, cholangiohepatitis

胆管空肠吻合术, cholangiojejunostomy

胆管扩张, cholangiectasis

胆管内置管扩张[术], biliary stent dilatation

胆管腺瘤, cholangioadenoma

胆管炎, cholangitis

胆管造影[术], cholangiography

胆管周围炎, pericholangitis

胆红素脑病, bilirubin encephalopathy, kernicterus

胆红素尿, bilirubinuria

胆绞痛, biliary colic

胆瘘, biliary fistula

胆囊癌, carcinoma of gallbladder

胆囊肠瘘, cholecystoenteric fistula

胆囊超声显像[术], cholecystosonography

胆囊穿孔, perforation of gallbladder

胆囊钙化, calcification of gallbladder

胆囊积脓, empyema of gallbladder

胆囊积气, pneu-gallbladder

胆囊积水, hydrops of gallbladder

胆囊积血, hemocholecyst

胆囊镜检查[术], cholecystoscopy

胆囊空肠吻合术, cholecystojejunostomy

胆囊扭转, torsion of gallbladder

胆囊切除术, cholecystectomy

胆囊切除术后综合征, postcholecystectomy syndrome

胆囊十二指肠吻合术, cholecystoduodenostomy

胆囊收缩素, cholecystokinin

胆囊炎, cholecystitis

胆囊造口术, cholecystostomy

胆囊造影术, cholecystography

胆囊周围脓肿, pericholecystic abscess

胆石性肠梗阻, gallstone ileus

胆石症, cholelithiasis

胆小管炎, cholangiolitis

胆血症, cholemia

胆胰管汇合异常, choledochopancreatic junction anomaly

胆汁反流性胃炎, bile reflux gastritis

胆汁尿, choleuria, choluria

胆汁浓缩综合征, inspissated bile syndrome

胆汁性腹膜炎, biliary peritonitis, choleperitoneum

胆汁性肝硬化, biliary cirrhosis

胆汁胸, cholothorax

胆汁引流, biliary drainage

胆汁淤积, cholestasis

胆汁粘稠综合征, biliary hyperviscosity syndrome

胆总管端端吻合术, choledochocholedochostomy

胆总管梗阻, obstruction of common bile duct

胆总管结石, calculus of common bile duct, choledocholith

胆总管结石病, choledocholithiasis

胆总管空肠Roux-en-Y形吻合术, choledochojejunostomy Roux-en-Y

胆总管扩张, choledochectasia

胆总管囊肿, choledochal cyst

胆总管囊肿切除术, choledochocystectomy

胆总管切开术, choledochotomy

胆总管十二指肠吻合术, choledochoduodenostomy

胆总管狭窄, stricture of common bile duct

胆总管炎, choledochitis

胆总管造口术, choledochostomy

弹性假黄色瘤, pseudoxanthoma elasticum

蛋白丢失性肠病, protein-losing enteropathy

Devine结肠造口术, Devine colostomy

电子内镜检查[术], electronic endoscopy, videoendoscopy

淀粉酶-肌酸酐清除率之比, amylase-creatinine clearance ratio

淀粉酶清除率, clearance of amylase

丁型病毒性肝炎, viral hepatitis type D,delta hepatitis

动脉胆道瘘, arteriobiliary fistula

痘疮样胃炎, gastritis varioliformis

Dubin-Johnson综合征, Dubin-Johnson syndrome

端侧吻合[术], end-to-side anastomosis

端端吻合[术], end-to-end anastomosis

端式结肠造口术, terminal colostomy

短肠, short gut

短肠综合征, short-bowel syndrone

多发性静脉扩张, multiple phlebectasia, 

多极电凝[术], multipolar electrocoagulation

多囊肝, polycystic liver

二期小肠移植, two-stage intestine transplantation

翻出型肛门外吻合巨结肠根治术, Swenson procedure

翻转法内镜检查[术], reverse method of endoscopy

反流性食管炎, reflux esophagitis

反跳痛, rebound tenderness

反胃, regurgitation

放大腹腔镜检查[术], magnifying laparoscopy

放大内镜检查[术], magnifying endoscopy

放射性结肠炎, radiation colitis

放射性小肠炎, radiation enteritis

非闭塞性肠梗死, nonocclusive intestinal infarction

肥厚性胃炎, hypertrophic gastritis

肥厚性幽门狭窄, hypertrophic pylorostenosis

肥皂性结肠炎, soap colitis

粪便嵌塞, fecal impaction

粪瘘, fecal fistula

蜂窝织炎性阑尾炎, phlegmonous appendicitis

蜂窝织炎性胃炎, phlegmonous gastritis

缝线肉芽肿, suture granuloma

弗纳-莫里森综合征, Verner-Morrison syndrome

辅助性肝移植, auxiliary liver transplantation

腐蚀性食管狭窄, caustic stricture of esophagus

腐蚀性胃炎, corrosivegastritis

复发性胆总管结石病, recurrent choledocholithiasis

复发性溃疡, recurrent ulcer

复发性阑尾炎, recurrent appendicitis

复合性胃和十二指肠溃疡, combined gastric and duodenal ulcers

腹部结核, abdominal tuberculosis

腹鸣, borborygmus

腹膜刺激征, peritoneal irritation sign

腹膜炎, peritonitis

腹膜粘连, peritoneal adhesion

腹腔穿刺[术], peritoneocentesis, abdominal paracentesis

腹腔动脉压迫综合征, celiac artery compression syndrome

腹腔灌洗, peritoneal lavage

腹腔积血, hemoperitoneum

腹腔镜胆囊切除[术], laparoscopic cholecystectomy

腹腔镜检查[术], laparoscopy

腹腔镜治疗[术], therapeutic laparoscopy

腹腔内引流式胰腺移植, free-drainage intraperitoneal pancreas transplantation

腹腔脓肿, peritoneal abscess

腹水, ascites

腹主动脉瘤, abdominal aortic aneurysm

改良的黑勒贲门肌切开术, modified Heller operation

钙乳胆汁, milk of calcium bile

干呕, retch

肝[性]昏迷, hepatic coma

肝[性]昏迷前期, hepatic precoma

肝被膜下出血, subcapsular hemorrhage of liver

肝病性口臭, fetor hepaticus

肝肠联合移植, combined liver and intestine transplantation

肝大, hepatomegaly

肝淀粉样变性, amyloidosis of liver

肝动脉造影[术], hepatic arteriography

肝梗死, infarction of liver

肝结核, tuberculosis of liver

肝静脉梗阻, hepatic venous obstruction

肝慢性阻性充血, chronic passive congestion of liver

肝毛细线虫病, capillariasis hepatica

肝门肠吻合术, portoenterostomy, Kasai procedure

肝内胆管结石, calculus of intrahepatic duct

肝内胆管结石病, hepatolithiasis

肝内胆汁淤积, intrahepatic cholestasis

肝脓肿, liver abscess

肝脾大, hepatosplenomegaly

肝片吸虫病,  fascioliasis hepatica

肝肾联合移植, combined liver and kidney transplantation

肝肾综合征, hepatorenal syndrome

肝素辅因子, heparin co-factor

肝素化, heparinization

肝素化逆转, heparinization reversal

肝细胞移植, hepatocyte transplantation

肝下垂, hepatoptosis

肝纤维化, hepatic fibrosis

肝心联合移植, combined liver and heart transplantation

肝性昏迷, hepatic coma

肝性脑病, hepatic encephalopathy

肝炎后肝硬化, posthepatitic cirrhosis

肝胰联合移植, combined liver and pancreas transplantation

肝移植, liver transplantation

肝硬化, cirrhosis of liver

肝周炎, perihepatitis

感染性腹泻, infectious diarrhea

感染性胃炎, infectious gastritis

肛管癌, cancer of anal canal

肛裂, anal fissure, 

肛门闭锁会阴瘘, anal atresia with perineal fistula

肛门闭锁尿道瘘, anal atresia with urethral fistula

肛门闭锁前庭瘘, anal atresia with vestibular fistula

肛门闭锁阴道瘘, anal atresia with vaginal fistula

肛门镜, anoscope

肛门镜检查[术], anoscopy

肛门溃疡, anal ulcer

肛门瘙痒[症], pruritus ani

肛门狭窄, anal stenosis

肛门直肠瘘, anorectal fistula

肛门直肠脓肿, anorectal abscess

肛乳头炎, anal papillitis

肛周脓肿, perianal abscess

高胆红素血[症], hyperbilirubinemia

高淀粉酶血[症], hyperamylasemia

高峰酸排出量, peak acid output

Grey Turner征, Grey Turner sign

膈膨升, eventration of diaphragm

膈疝, diaphragmatic hernia

膈下脓肿, subphrenic abscess

梗阻性阑尾炎, obstructive appendicitis

孤立性非特异性溃疡, isolated nonspecific ulcer

骨盆直肠窝脓肿, pelvirectal abscess

管探查[术], exploration of common bile duct

光动力学治疗[术], photodynamic therapy

光凝固[术], photocoagulation

果糖不耐受[症], fructose intolerance

黑粪, melena

黑勒贲门肌切开术, heller operation,

横结肠造口术, transverse colostomy

呼气试验breath test

糊状便, mushy stool

滑动性食管裂孔疝, sliding hiatus hernia

滑管, sliding tube

化脓性腹膜炎, purulent peritonitis

化脓性阑尾炎, suppurative appendicitis

化脓性胰腺炎, purulent pancreatitis

化生性息肉, metaplastic polyp

化学性腹膜炎, chemical peritonitis

坏疽性胆囊炎, gangrenous cholecystitis

坏疽性阑尾炎, gangrenous appendicitis

坏死后肝硬化, postnecrotic cirrhosis

坏死性胰腺炎, necrotizing pancreatitis

环状胰腺, annular pancreas

黄疸, jaundice, icterus

黄色肉芽肿性胆囊炎, xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis

磺溴酞钠试验, bromsulphalein test

回肠膀胱扩大术, ileum augmentation cystoplasty, ileocystoplasty

回肠膀胱尿流改道术, ileal conduit diversion

回肠膀胱术, ileal conduit, Bricker operation

回肠肛管吻合术, ileoanal anastomosis

回肠横结肠吻合术, ileotransversostomy

回肠憩室, ileal diverticulum

回肠造口术, ileostomy

回盲部结核, ileocecal tuberculosis

Whipple病, Whipple disease 

混合性结石, mixed stone, mixed calculus

混合性毛细血管-海绵状血管瘤, mixed capillary-cavernous hemangioma

活动性肝炎, active hepatitis

活体部分肝移植, partial living liver transplantation

获得性巨结肠, acquired megacolon

机械性肠梗阻, mechanical intestinal obstruction, mechanical ileus

基础酸排出量, basal acid output

Killian憩室, Killian diverticulum

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