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北京口译公司:最全的笔记符号[5]

发布时间: 2014-02-28 10:33:19 浏览次数: 1346

天译时代北京口译公司专业提供同传、交传等各种口译服务,以及中高级口译培训,北京口译价格咨询:400-058-1811.

如何学习口译,如何学习交替传译(简称交传),如何学习同声传译(同传),如何学习交传当中的笔记法,记忆法、影子法、乒乓练习法、脑记法等技巧,是很多对口译感兴趣的同学、想学口译的同学极为关注的问题,尤其是笔记符号,大家对笔记符号都有一种特别神秘的感觉。

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天译时代口译培训为广大热爱口译、想学习口译、以及想参加我们的口译培训班的同学提供了最为全面的笔记符号。

口译笔记符号(若干)
翻译笔记原则:
学会一字等于一句,看一字想一句,看一句知一句。
一. 以符号代文字
以下各符号均可在记录中代替文字
1. 数学符号
equal: =
boost, improve, enhance, strengthen :

plus: +
minus: —
times: x
divided by: ÷
degree: ℃
percent: %
per thousand: ‰
between:|.|
because, because of, due to: ∵
therefore, so, as a result, consequently: ∵
plus or minus: ±
versus, the ratio of, divided by :

so on, etc, and so forth : ···
is (much) greater/bigger/larger/faster/quicker/heavier/older… than; superior to, surpass:>
is (much) less/smaller/lighter/younger/fewer/inferior to/worse than…: <
not equal to :¹
not less than:
varies as, in direct proportion to: ∝或∞
parallel, is parallel to : ‖
right angle: ∟
perpendicular, is perpendicular to: ⊥
circle, circumference: ○
ellipse: 0
diameter: θ
triangle, delta : △
pressure, influence:⊥(竖线为向下箭头)
approximately, about, nearly, around,almost: ≈
as always, 一直,总是, 一贯:≡
into: 
contact, exchanges:∞
conflicts, disputes, contradictions: ><
波折:<<
belong to, is of ,of: ∈
victory,
win, success :
V
by, with, %, in:
/
as always, hold on, persist, insist on :

wonder, miracle : !
About: @
On the one hand:

On the other hand: ∕
Relation, relationship: &
Future:
Not agree:
N
Agree: Y
Fine, good:
+
Better, much better:
++
Bad, weak: -
Worse, weaker: - -
In
conclusion :
=>
Empty: O
Representative, delegation, delegation: △
2. 货币:
sterling, pound: £
US dollar: US$
renminbi: RMB: ¥
Australian dollars: #A
Austrian schillings: Sch
Canadian dollars: Can$
Eurodollar: €
New Zealand dollars: NZ$
Japanese yen:
3.时间:
时:
hour:
hr
minute:
'
second:
’’
早:d
中:d
晚:d
日:
the day before yesterday: ”d
yesterday: ’d
today: d
tomorrow: d’
the day after tomorrow: d’ ’
day by day, everyday: dd
夜:
last night:’n
tonight: n
next night: n’
周:
the week before last: ”w
last week: ’w
this week: w
next week: w ’
the week after next : w’’
周日:
Monday: 1w
Tuesday: 2w
Wednesday: 3w
Thursday: 4w
Friday: 5w
Saturday: 6w
Sunday: 7w
月:
the month before last: ”m
last month: ’m
this month: m
next month: m’
the month after next: m’’
月初:
月中:
12月上旬、中旬、月底/下旬:12、12、 12
月份:
January: 1m
February: 2m
March: 3m
April: 4m
May: 5m
June: 6m
July: 7m
August: 8m
September: 9m
October: 10m
November: 11m
December: 12dm
年:
last year: ’y
this year: y
next year: y’
the year after next: y’’
年初:y
年中:y
年底:y
1949年前:/49
1949年后:49/
1949年底:49
世纪:C
uo to now, until:

since,ever since: ┠
山水之间:ω∕∽
国内外:

4.度量衡:
meter: m
centimeter: cm
minimeter: mm
mile: mi
nautical mile: nm
inch: in.
foot: ft
knot: kt
acre: A
5.数字:
①数字全用阿拉伯数字代替
②000:, 例如,65000:65,; 7000000:7,,
1978: ’78
(3) 00:
. , 例如,700: 7.
6.介词、连词:
because, because of, due to: ∵
therefore, so, as a result, consequently: ∵
about: around,: ≈
above, on, over:某文字或符号上加一点·,如“河上:
after: |, 例如,20年以后: 20y½
against:
as:
at:ゝ
before, beyond, in front of: ·| 例如,20年以:½ 20y
below, beneath, under: 某文字或符号下加一点·,如“水下:~符号下加·”
between:

|·|
but:/
for:4
inside, within,include : ( )
out of:
therefore, so, as a result, consequently: ∵
to: →
up: ↑
with: +
7.变化:
增,升,加,长,上:
arise, ascend, climb, develop, grow, rise, go up, , get up, increase, roar, skyrocket,soar, strengthen, up: ↑
降,减,下:
down, to, decline,descend, drop,fall, go down, reduce, shrink: ↓
and,in addition to, furthermore, further, more: +
8.来往:
arrive in, cause, come to,export to, give to, lead to, present to, result to, send to, submit to:→
come from, import from, receive from: ←
9.好坏、好恶:
bad, wrong, faulty, false, hate, notorious, incorrect: x
accept, agree, certain, correct, famous,fine, good, like, love, right, affirmative,
satisfy, sure, want, well-known:√ 例如,“我赞成你的观点:I √ ur · ”

10.辩论,说,观点、协议:
①comment, say, speak: ∶
②观点viewpoint、看法、难点,point:·,如“我说几点:I :几·”,
③agreement, accord, treaty, contract: ∪,例如:双边协议:2∪
11.公用标志:
copy right:

registered mark:

12.会见、会议:
conference, discussion, meet, meeting, negotiation, seminar, workshop:⊙,例如:三边圆桌会议:3⊙
13.国家、政治、民族:
①country, state, nation: □
②政府:zf
③leader, manager, president, schoolmaster, director:∧
14。江河湖海水:
ocean, sea, river, lake, brook, stream: ~
15:桌,椅,凳,几,床,楼,房:
︹,如:“在椅子上:︹(上加一短横)”,“在桌子下:︹ (下加一短横)”
16.all in all, finally, in conclusion, in a word, totally:
Σ
17.hills, mountain:
ω, 如“ 山上: “ω”上加一点; “爬山:/ω”
18.look, look after, look into, investigate, witness: 横椭圆中间加一点,如“我今天来看看:I d (横椭圆中间加一点) u”
19. anger, excited, happy: !
20. why when, where, which, who, how:
? 加最后一个字母 ,例如,“你去哪:? U →”特殊符号:
and, with, together with, accompany : +
too, to, two: 2
include, inclusive, including, among, inside, within : ( )
maintaining peace and stability: ◎
二. 以首字母代文字
ac: aircraft
as soon as possibly: asap
as early as possible: aesp
at least: al
carbon copy: cc
care of: c/o
上海:SH
北京:BJ
联合国儿童基金会:UNICEF
联合国教科文组织:UNESCO

三. 中英(符号)混合代文字
资本主义:资’
四个现代化:4m
peace-keeping: 维p
oppose, against, disagree: o反, a反, d反
第三世界:3w
三维: 3D
中国人:ch人
四. 以缩写代文字
acknowledge: ack
advice: adv
after: aft

extra: x
……
五. 以汉字代英文
sentence: 句
……
六. 以前三个字母代替长单词
cor= corporation
……
七.特简符号:
for: 4

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