药品说明书中的“临床药理学”

日期:2014-01-31 09:20:02    阅读:1643

常用标题:
    Clinical Pharmacology;      临床药理学;
    Clinical Data;              临床数据;
    Clinical Experience;        临床经验;
    Clinical List;              临床应用;
    Clinical Observation;       临床观察;
    Clinical Efect;             临床疗效;
    Clinical Discussion;        临床讨论;
    Mode of Mechanism of Action;作用机理与途径;
    Pharmacological Actions;    药理作用;
    Therapeutical Actions;      治疗作用;
    Bacteriology;               细菌学;
    Microbiology;               微生物学;
    Physiology;                 生理学;
    Toxicology;                 毒理学;
    该项目主要记载药物的药理作用、临床疗效,解释其特点及毒性等。有的简短,有的详细。涉及学科广泛,专业词汇多,缩略语多,语法亦较复杂。
    例如:
    ①The exau mode of action is not known, but its efects on the CNS resemble those of the barbiturates.Its onset of action is rapid, producing sleep usualy within 39 minutes and lasts 4-8 hours.
    确切的作用途径尚不清楚,但本品对中枢神经系统的作用类似巴比妥类药物。起始作用迅速,通常可于30分钟内产生睡眠。作用时间可延续4-8小时。
    ②Extensive  pharmacological  researches  have shown that glipizide reduces blood sugar in hormoglycae mic animals and antagonizes experimentaly induced hyperglycaemial. In vitro and in vivo  findings indicate that the drug acts mainly by stimulating  the pancreatic月-cels to produce insulin. Toxicological investigations carried out in various animal species and for long periods have shown that Minidiab has and for long periods have shown that Minidiab has negligible toxicity.
    广泛的药理研究显示,毗磺环己眠可降低正常动物的血糖,亦可拮抗用试验方法增高的高血糖症。体外和体内实验均证实,本品的主要作用是刺激胰胜的细胞,产生胰岛素。用于各种动物长时间进行毒性实验,显示吡磺环己服的毒性可以忽略不计。

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