2015考研英语翻译被动语态翻译法

日期:2014-12-05 17:00:00    阅读:1387


  考研英语翻译在英语考试中所占的分值不大,但是这一部分在平时的练习却是对写作文有着很大的帮助。北京天译时代翻译公司给考生整理了考研英语翻译被动语态翻译法,希望在考试过程中有所帮助。
  考研英语翻译难点精析(一)
  被动语态翻译法
  1)变为汉语的主动形式。
  Eg:
  It leads the discussion to extremes at the outset: it invites you to think that animals should be treated either with the consideration humans extend to other humans, or with no consideration at all.这种说法从一开始就将讨论引向两个极端,它使人们认为应该这样对待动物:要么像对待人类自身一样关切体谅,要么完全冷漠无情。
  2)译成具有被动意义的汉语结构。
  Eg:
  For all the help this computer may provide, it should not be seen as a substitute for fundamental thinking and reasoning skills.尽管计算机可以提供那么多的帮助,它却不应该被看作是基本的思维和推理技巧的替代物。
  Eg:
  How well the predictions will be validated by later performance depends upon the amount, reliability, and appropriateness of the information used and on the skill and wisdom with which it is interpreted.这些预测将在多大程度上为后来的表现所证实取决于所用信息的数量、可靠程度、适宜程度以及用来解释这些信息的技巧与才智。
  3)增添“人们”、“大家”等适当的词做汉语译文的主语。
  Eg:
  And it is imagined by many that the operations of the common mind can be by no means compared with these processes, and that they have to be acquired by a sort of special training.许多人认为普通人的思维活动根本无法和科学家的思维过程想比较,他们并认为这些思维过程必须经过某中专门训练才能掌握。
  Eg:
  During this transfer, traditional historical methods were augmented by additional methodologies designed to interpret the new forms of evidence in the historical study.在这种转变中,历史学家研究历史时,那些解释新史料的新方法充实了传统的历史研究方法。
  本文是由北京天译时代翻译公司整理发布的。

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