Florence Nightingale

日期:2009-10-15 10:20:35    阅读:2594





           "Be a lady, dear. That's what we want!" How many times pretty young Florence Nightingale heard these words from her father and mother! But for her, being a lady was not enough. She wanted to do something for others.
             Florence's father was a very rich man. Florence took lessons in music and drawing and read great books. She could speak French, German, and Italian as well as English. And she traveled a great deal with her mother and father.
             As a child she felt that visiting sick people was both a duty and a pleasure. She enjoyed helping them. As often as she could, she visited hospitals in other countries. She saw so much suffering that she knew she must help.
             At last her mind was made up. " I'm going to be a nurse," she described.
             "Nursing isn't the right work for a lady," her father told her.
              "Then I will make it so," she smiled. And she went to learn nursing in Germany and France. When she returned to England, Florence started a nursing home for women. Here she did everything from washing floors to giving her patients new hope.
               During the Crimean War in 1854 many soldiers were wounded or became ill. News reached England that they received very little care. At once Florence Nightingale wrote to the War Office and offered her services. She went with a band of thirty-eight nurses to the hospitals at Scutari.
              What they saw there was even worse than they expected. Dirt and death were everywhere to be seen and smelled. The officer there did not want any women to tell him how to run a hospital, either. But the brave nurses went to work.
               Florence used her own money and some from friends to buy clothes, beds, medicines, and food for the men. Her only pay was smiles from the lips of dying soldiers. But they were more than enough for this kind woman.
              She fell dangerously ill herself, but she did not stop working. Her thin hands worked day and night. Even in the last hours of night— she could be seen walking with a lamp past each bed. The soldiers often kissed her shadow as "the lady of the lamp " went by.
              After the war she returned to England and was honored for her services by Queen Victoria.
              But Florence said that her work had just begun. She raised money" to build the Nightingale Home for Nurses in London, and she asked young girls to learn nursing there. she also wrote a book on public health which was printed in several countries.
              Florence Nightingale did at the age of ninety,still trying to serve others through her work as a nurse. Indeed,it is because of Florence Nightingale that we honor nurses today.
l·Florence Nightingale  弗洛伦斯·南丁格尔(1820一1910)(女,英国人,参加克里米亚战争的英国护士,为近代护理制度的创始人。)
2,Be a lady.  意为"做一个高尚的妇女"。
3·At last her mind was made up.   最后她下定决心。make up one's mind  下决心
4,make it so        使它(护士职业)成为适合女士的工作
5,a nursing home    护理院
6·Crimean  War   指的是 1853一1956年的克里米亚战争。
7·Scutari  斯库台  (又称Shkoder,是阿尔巴尼亚西北部的一城市,历史上曾先后被土耳其、奥地利等国占领过.)
8·in the last hours of night深夜
9·the lady of the lamp   "掌灯女士"
10·Oueen Victoria    维多利亚女王(英国的女王)
1l·raise money      筹措款项,募集资金。
12·the Nightingale Home for Nurses   南丁格尔护士之家