谥号 Posthumous name (比如汉武帝的武、晋元帝的元)

庙号 Temple name(比如唐太宗的太宗、元世祖的世祖)

年号 Era name 或者 Reign name(比如贞观、嘉靖、康熙)

尊号 Regnal name(比如武则天的则天)

氏(先秦)Secondary surname 或者 Clan name (比如孔子姓是子,氏是孔)

字 Courtesy name 或者 Style name

号 Art name 名讳 True name

爵位 Nobility rank 太子 Crown Prince

九爵 Nine orders of nobility 亲王 Prince

郡王 Prefecture/Commandery Prince 国公 Duke

郡公 Prefecture/Commandery Duke

县公 County/District Duke

侯爵 Marquis 伯爵 Count 子爵 Viscount

皇后 Empress

妃 Consort 或 highly-ranked imperial concubines

品秩 Grade/Rank in the Bureaucracy

正一品 First Rank Officials

从一品 Sub-First Rank Officials

正四品上 Upper Fourth Rank Official

正四品下 Lower Fourth Rank Official

从四品上 Upper Sub-Fourth Rank Official

从四品下 Lower Sub-Fourth Rank Official

另外官品还有一种简记法,比如正一品是1a,从一品是1b,正四品上是4a,正四品下是4a’,从四品上是4b,从四品下是4b’

官 Bureaucrat 吏 Government staff

四民 Four occupations(士农工商分别是gentry scholars,peasants,craftsmen以及merchants)

流放 Be banished/exiled to + 地名

追封 Posthumous enfeoffment

钦差大臣 Imperial government inspector

监正 Supervisor of xxx directorate

诏书 Edict 奏章 Memorial to the emperor

俸禄 Salary for imperial officials

中央集权 Centralization of authority

龙袍 Panlong Robe 或者 Chinese Imperial Dragon Robe

著作局 Editorial office

转运使 Transport Commissioner

国子监 Directorate of Education

将作院 Imperial Manufactories Commission

御史台 Censorate

法司 Judicial office

翰林院 Hanlin Academy, an organization in the central court with scholars who did drafting and editing works for the emperor

京兆尹 Metropolitan governor of capital city

教坊司 Imperial office of music

东宫 The House of Crown Prince 或者 The Eastern Palace for Crown Prince

谏议大夫 Supervisory officer